Fig grafts

Fig grafts

Question: Grafts

good morning, I would like to know if you can graft plum scions on a fig, thank you

Grafts Fig: Answer: Grafts

Dear Antonella,

grafting is a widely used practice in horticulture, especially since most of the fruit plants on the market are hybrid plants, and moreover they are plants resulting from various crosses over the centuries; for this reason, if we sow the seeds, it is very unlikely to obtain plants with fruits identical to those of the mother plant. In addition to this, the practice of grafting allows us to give the plant to be grafted some cultural characteristics of the rootstock plant, such as greater resistance to drought for example, or greater resistance to frost.

For this reason there are different rootstocks for the different climatic zones present in Italy, in this way we can grow the same apricot variety in Milan and Naples, obtaining the same identical fruit (more or less).

How does the graft work?

Shoots or branches are taken from the plant to be propagated and grafted onto a plant called rootstock; between the two plants it is important that there is a certain genetic similarity, otherwise the rootstock will recognize the plant grafted onto them as a foreign body and will not allow the grafted branch to take root.

Most of the cultivated fruit plants are rosaceae, and therefore have common ancient ancestors, with a certain similarity at the DNA level; despite this, fruit plants have been cultivated and hybridized for centuries, and therefore their degree of kinship has diluted over time.

For this reason, grafts on fruit plants of different kinds do not always take place successfully; for example we can graft nectarines on an apricot tree, but it is difficult to graft a pear tree on a plum.

The grafting of the most common fruit plants on a fig is then impossible, as these are plants that have no degree of kinship, given that the fig (ficus carica) is a plant belonging to the moraceae family, while the pear (pyrus communis) belongs to the rosaceae family.

If you want, however, you can graft your fig with one of the dozens of varieties of figs present in cultivation in Italy, being able to obtain a fig tree that produces, for example, both green and black figs; then there are truths of figs with more or less early or late ripening, with grafting you can therefore obtain a much longer fruiting period, making different branches bear fruit.

The pear scions can be grafted onto a quince, which tends to be more resistant to diseases, and has a more vigorous development.

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