Question: what is the best time to prune lemon?
hi I have a lemon that bears fruit February March is this normal? I would like to know in what month I should be able to thank you
Lemon pruning -">Answer: lemon pruning
lemons generally produce fruit a couple of times a year, more or less depending on the climate in which they are grown; normally a healthy lemon blooms in winter and late spring, so that it has fruit to ripen in January-February, and August-September. Your lemon therefore bears fruit in the right season of the year, probably in the months of June and July the climate is excessively humid or hot to allow the plant to flower even in late summer. Flowering generally occurs after a period (even short) of vegetative rest, so to stimulate it, in addition to providing the right crop care, such as fertilization and watering, it is important to let the plant suffer a little of the summer drought, in order to begin to to flourish.
There lemon pruning it is practiced in summer, during the pause between the two blooms, therefore when the plant is in a period of vegetative rest, in July; the lemon branches that will produce flowers and fruits are those produced the previous year, which therefore should not be touched during pruning; on the other hand, the small twigs, the dry parts or those with development towards the center of the crown are removed, and the branches that have already fructified are shortened. If there are still fruits on the plant, we can safely detach them, since the lemons ripen even when they have already been detached from the branch that carried them.
To rejuvenate the plant every three or four years, the largest and oldest branches are shortened, in order to favor the development of new branch shoots, which will produce the branches that will bear fruit the following year.
To favor the development of flowers and fruits it is also important to water the plant in case of very prolonged drought, and to supply the correct fertilizations; traditionally lemons are fertilized with a fertilizer consisting of broken lupins, this fertilizer releases mineral salts and amino acids into the soil, which are also useful for other plants, not just citrus fruits; in addition to this, the ground lupins also bring a good dose of soil amendment to the soil, meaning they help to improve the mixture and keep it soft. Generally, about a hectogram of sliced lupins are used per square meter, to be lightly buried with the help of a hoe. The supply of lupins, once or twice a year, does not preclude further fertilization, using fertilizers to be dissolved in the irrigation water, or even slow release fertilizers, to be spread around the plant every 4-5 months.
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Lemon pruning: tools and methods of cutting
In addition to the general pruning technique, i.e. the part of the pruning relating to which branches to remove and where to cut them, the cutting method during this cultivation intervention is very important. One of the most important rules is to use clean and disinfected scissors and shears. Before the pruning cut, the cutting tools must be disinfected because the blades can carry bacteria and fungi and infect plants if they have been used on diseased plants. Entering under the bark of trees, the blades can make parasites come into contact very quickly in the plant and for this reason their cleaning is of extreme importance.
If the plant is healthy and with our cutting tools we have always treated healthy plants, the risk of infecting other plants during the pruning operations is low but we must still be careful. Another very important aspect concerns how to cut the plants or how to make the cut once you have decided which branches to cut and in what proportion. In fact, the pruning cut must be clean and precise and to do this you need well-sharpened tools as well as obviously a precise and above all decisive hand. Furthermore, the cuts must be made in a slightly oblique way or by making sure that the rainwater that falls on the surface of the branch opened by the cut, is able to drain quickly enough without creating stagnation. It is very important that water stagnation does not form on the cut branches because this could greatly increase the probability of giving birth to fungi.