Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
Breed of Chinese origin, imported into Europe around 1870 (originally it was white with yellowish colored reflections and orange legs).
Currently there are two varieties: the American and the German. The selection of the latter is purely German and English and has led to the formation of a more upright type with yellowish white plumage (American Beijing has pure white plumage).
It is considered the best beef breed and is also suitable for intensive breeding. Good laying (about 130-150 eggs per year; some strains can reach 200; average weight of the eggs 60 grams and light green or light blue shell). Rustic breed, it can live in enclosures with very little water; does not fly.
Very early breed: ducklings weigh about 2.5 kg at eight weeks.
The Beijing breed is very often used for crossbreeding with the male Barberia for the production of mulards ducklings.
Uniform ivory white plumage.
Parallelepiped-shaped body, large head with short orange beak and blue eye.
Short neck, back oblique towards the rump, raised tail; the legs are brought far back, yellow, hidden among the feathers. The habit is very erect.
- male 3,5 kg
- female 3,0 kg
Pair of white selection German Beijing ducks
Breed standard - FIAV
I - General
Minimum weight g. 70
Shell color: white to yellowish.
Male and female: 18
II - Type and Address for Selection
Duck with a massive and rectangular body; strongly detected habit; back train going up; color of sulfur yellow plumage.
III - Standard
General Appearance and Characteristics of the Breed
1 - Form
Trunk: shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, the length of which is twice the width and depth. Spine line and line
lower, as well as the lines of the hips, parallel. Strongly detected habit.
Head: wider than long, rounded; wide; very prominent cheeks with high and wide forehead. Throat often a little full.
Beak: short and wide; slightly concave upper part; not curved; orange red with light claw. Dark beak streaks o
on the nailed to be judged with clemency in adult females.
Eyes: dark iris.
Neck: length and width or thickness proportionate to the body, carried straight, as a harmonious extension of the body. The feathers
elongated upper neck and neck join to form a mane, also called "frisure", which is poorly developed in young subjects, but which increases with age.
Back: wide at the shoulders; inclined in a straight line towards the tail.
Wings: not too long and well fitting to the body.
Tail: strong, hidden by abundant plumage. .
Chest: very developed and regular, implanted high; without any trace of keel; often with a slight hollow in the middle.
Legs: strong legs, hidden by abundant plumage. Short and strong tarsi that must allow the animal not to rub the
belly on the ground. Orange red color.
Belly: well developed; rounded, wide and full.
Small and short body; flat or narrow chest., flat shoulders; concave or rounded spine line; pointed rear train; traces of
keel; bearing of the body or tail too horizontal or too straight; narrow head with flat forehead and / or non-prominent cheeks;
long beak, straw or stained.
2 - Weights
Male: kg. 3.5
Female: kg. 3.0
3 - Plumage
Conformation: smooth cover plumage; abundant duvet.
IV - Colors
White with sulfur yellow pigmentation as regular as possible.
Serious Defects: silky or pure white plumage; presence of feathers of other color.