This section is dedicated to the breeding of bees in order to take advantage of the products of the hive. Alessandra Bruni, graduated in Agricultural Science and Technology at the Faculty of Agriculture in Florence.
In the part Generality the systematic classification of bees, their morphology and physiology, the development cycle, social organization and pollination are discussed; in beekeeping, history, equipment, flora and beekeeping operations; finally in Bee products the main characteristics of: honey, royal jelly, propolis, pollen, wax, poison and other products are illustrated.
Information to mariners
The oldest depiction of the man intent on stealing honey from the bee dates back to around 9000 years ago (Mesolithic), in a cave in Valencia, Spain. There you see a man hanging on lianas carrying a basket to hold the collection, with his hand tucked into a tree trunk in search of the honeycomb. The first apiary was probably born by collecting a swarm in the wild. Later the first artificial hives appeared, probably made of hollow trunks or cork peel.
Currently beekeeping is practiced all over the world with the exception of arctic areas; in Europe there are a large number of beekeepers who each lead a few hives.