It is the product of the secretion of the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of worker bees that develop from 5 to 14 days of the adult phase. It is a substance totally of animal origin and is the only food for the queen bees and the food of all the larvae for the first three days of life.
It has a gelatinous appearance of grayish-white color and an acidic and acrid taste. The pH is between 3.7 and 5 and is only partially soluble in water.
Royal cells filled with royal jelly (photo Éric Tourneret www.thehoneygatherers.com)
On average, royal jelly is made up of:
B1, B2, B6, B12, H, A, PP, ac. pantothenic (B5) content in doses higher than any other food, ac. folic, inositol, etc.
mineral trace elements
Zu, Cu, Ni, Ca, K, Na, Mg, Sn, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Hg, Au, S, P, J, Br, As, B, Cl, Si, etc.
ADP and ATP
diastases, phosphatases, invertases, catalases, inulases, hyaluronidases, etc.
choline and acetylcholine
acetylcholine is not present in any other food
in particular the gonadotropic hormone
antibiotic factors and growth factors
Royal jelly has positive effects on the whole organism by exerting a feeling of well-being, greater self-confidence, greater resistance to tiredness and cold; it also affects:
- the increase in appetite and effectiveness even in cases of obesity,
- duodenal ulcer,
- the skin improving its elasticity,
- neuro-psychic activity by decreasing the emotion and improving the mood,
- sexual function by improving ovarian activity,
- anemia and asthenia,
- blood pressure raising it for those suffering from low blood pressure,
- coronary artery disease and myocardial disease,
- finally, its action on cancer is under study.
When you want to collect small quantities of royal jelly, you use a scraper directly in the apiary, for large quantities you proceed to a special room that respects the hygiene and health standards. If the material has to be transported for a long time, it is necessary to place the sticks containing the cells with the royal jelly in the refrigerator; once arrived in the laboratory we proceed to take the royal jelly with a vacuum pump to place it in special containers.