Design a small garden

Design a small garden

Design a small garden

Currently, in the hectic days of the 21st century, the search for a moment of quiet is becoming increasingly important for people. One of the best ways to create a small oasis of peace is undoubtedly to design and build a small home garden.

It is not necessary to have huge surfaces: to create a small parcel of domestic green, even a simple balcony or a modest plot of land in the open space in front of the house is sufficient. What is important is knowing how to perfectly organize the space available, carefully choosing the type and arrangement of the plants that will make up the garden.

Given that in the vast majority of cases the small gardens are home to some furniture - tables, deck chairs or chairs - it is important to take into account that these should integrate harmoniously into the surrounding environment: if possible it is always better to favor metal or solid wood rather than excessively colored plastics. gaudy.

In rural areas, designing a garden is much simpler, as the large spaces available allow you to insert any type of architectural or landscape element you deem appropriate, just as there are no major limits to the types of plants that will make up the green space.

In the city, on the other hand, the narrowness of the available spaces - often limited only to the balcony of the apartment - forces gardening enthusiasts to work hard to make the most of every single square centimeter of land available. The limited spaces also reduce the margins of error in the design to a minimum: choosing the wrong solution will irreparably compromise the harmony of the interior garden.

The analysis of the available spaces

First of all, it is essential to examine the area where the garden will be created, and to consider its exposure to sunlight and its humidity: a shaded environment obviously adapts better to certain types of plants rather than others, as well as a moist soil will not be particularly suitable for plants that favor dry climates.

If a garden already exists in the area chosen for the new green space, it is essential to examine it and evaluate which elements can be functional to the new project. If there are adult trees, the recommended choice is not to cut them, keeping the old plants and integrating them into the new garden. In fact, a tree may need at least ten years to grow.

Having made these simple preliminary considerations, it is then a good idea to evaluate other parameters, related to those who will use the garden: how long do you plan to continue to reside in the reference house of the garden, how long you would like to wait before creating it (they may even several years, due to the aforementioned period necessary for the trees to reach adulthood), how much time can be devoted to the maintenance of the area once built.

Land management

Once the answers to these questions have been obtained, we can proceed with the organization of the spaces and the actual design of the garden.

To avoid errors - which as already mentioned can be fatal in a small area - it is good to draw a scale plan of the space that will be used as a garden, using graph paper sheets from surveyors. On the map, all possible obstacles to the design of the garden must be represented (gates, manholes, lampposts, houses for pets and any pre-existing plants that you want to keep).

It should be noted that the garden is able to satisfy various needs of the daily life of a person or a family. It can be used to let children play safely, to hang out the laundry after washing, to park bicycles or the car, to organize barbecues with friends, to keep a pet or to plant some fruit trees. In a large country garden, these functions can be carried out simultaneously and without problems: in the city, on the other hand, due to the tight spaces, it is a priority to choose which are the most important functions among those listed above and, once the two or three main ones have been chosen , neglect the others.


As for the plants that will make up the garden, it is necessary to keep in mind some factors, which are decisive for their life: exposure to sunlight, humidity of the environment and type of soil below.

If there are no adult trees in the area (shrubs and bushes can be transplanted easily), you can proceed with the design.

If you want to plant trees, it is better to place them in the corners of the ground: in this way the central space will remain free, and you can then fill it with bulbous plants, shrubs and annuals. Furthermore, it must be considered that trees absorb large quantities of "nourishment" from the ground: if you decide to plant them in the center of the garden, very little would remain for the other plants, which would be affected by appearing weak and withered.

As for the minor components of the garden - shrubs, bulbous plants and annual plants - it is good practice to choose them carefully, considering both the periods and the colors of their flowering in order to obtain a harmonious effect. It is always good to avoid choosing a very large variety of plants, as in the case of a small space an unpleasant feeling of saturation will be transmitted.

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