Atlas of Pheasants: Polyplectron chalcurum

Atlas of Pheasants: Polyplectron chalcurum

Scientific classification - Polyplectron chalcurum

Kingdom: Animals
Phylum: Cordati
Subphylum: Vertebrates
Class: Birds
Order: Galliformi
Family: Phasianides
Genus: Polyplectron
Species: P. chalcurum

Also called bronze-tailed spurs, it is a pheasant of modest size, inconspicuous and widespread, it is endemic to the Sumatra mountains where it lives among the forests at about 600 1500 m above sea level.

Morphological characteristics

It is the only spur that does not present ocelli on the plumage; the two sexes are very similar: both have a dark brown color slightly streaked with chestnut and tail that has blue / purple feathers, the female is however smaller and has a shorter tail; it has 1 subspecies: the Polyplectron chalcurum scutulatum, which inhabits the north of Sumatra and differs from the original species for the more evident streaks of the plumage. The species described complete the plumage at the 1st year of age, reaching sexual maturity at the 2nd year of life.


In nature many of its habits are practically unknown, in captivity, where it is not very popular, also because of its inconspicuous plumage, it proves restless and wild, even with the female despite being a monogamous species; it needs a spacious shady and rich vegetation aviary so as to feel safe to encourage courtship and mating, suffers from the cold, therefore it is preferable not to breed it in areas with mild temperatures, or otherwise take the necessary precautions with sheets and heating systems artificial, its feeding, not as easy as in most of the spurs, must be composed of a highly protein mixture for pheasants that must be integrated with insect and vegetable moths.

Reproduction: March May
Hatching: 22 days
Number of eggs: 8 10 (2 for each brood)
Cohabitation: monogamy

Male and female of Sumatran spur-chaser (photo

Sumatran chalcedony spurs (photo

Thanks to Pasquale DAncicco

Video: Malayan Peacock-PheasantPolyplectron malacense (September 2021).