Classification and distribution - Western tragopan
Species: T. melanocephalus
Considered not only the rarest of the tragopans, but even the rarest of all pheasants, the western tragopan is extremely threatened and seriously threatened with extinction; it is endemic to the Himalayas.
It is not among the most striking tragopanes: the male has a black head and forehead, a red face and neck, the body is dark brown, flecked with white with a black tail, the female is on the whole brown with various shades of brown, the two sexes have beak and black eyes and gray-pink legs; they complete the plumage and are sexually mature from the second year of life.
Western tragopano male Tragopan melanocephalus (photo John Corder http://orientalbirdimages.org)
Very rare bird, it is almost not bred in Europe where, between 1858 and 1981, about fifty specimens were imported but due to various factors (difficulty in acclimatising, extremely wild nature, diseases, etc.) there is no news of specimens that have managed to reproduce; the only factor that does not present excessive difficulties in breeding this tragopan seems to be nutrition, mainly vegetarian which must be integrated with invertebrates and insects.
Reproduction: April May
Hatching: 28 days
Number of eggs: 3 4
Pair of Western Tragopano Tragopan melanocephalus (photo http://oldwww.wii.gov.in/envis)
Thanks to Pasquale DAncicco