In sandy soil, sand particles prevail in greater numbers, which can be coarse, fine or medium.
The negative aspect of this type of soil is represented by the poor ability to retain water, letting it slip away very easily, just like stony soils do.
Conversely, the advantage of sandy soils is that they are worked with extreme ease and, given their ability to better circulate the air inside, they contain a high and beneficial amount of oxygen, to the advantage of the plants that will be cultivated on a soil of this type.
Thanks to the contribution of frequent fertilizations with manure, compost, manure and fertilizers, this type of soil will derive enormous profits from the humus that will form inside it, certainly also benefiting the correct nourishment and health of the plants and vegetables that it gives. they will be hosted during the vegetative cycle.
Keep in mind that a sandy soil or too loose, it heats up early in spring and has a tendency to remain dry and dry during the summer season, or in any case in the hot and dry months. For this reason, it is good to choose a type of vegetable suitable for growing on sandy soil. What could these vegetables be? Surely garlic, onion, pepper, shallot, tomato, eggplant, carrot, watermelon, potato, fennel and even broad bean!
HOW TO WORK ON A SANDY GROUND
If the soil is characterized by the massive presence of particles of coarse, fine or medium sand, gravel, pebbles and the like, then it will be subject to phenomena of poor cohesion and minimal propensity for moisture retention. In this case, for particular types of crops, it will not be suitable for cultivation at all because it is not very humidified.
The best way to intervene in these cases is to correct the situation by limiting the damage to a minimum. How? By bringing organic substance it can significantly improve the quality of a sandy soil, also to requalify and make the composition of the soil more stable with the consequence of improving its ability to retain water and all the fertilizing substances that may possibly be dissolved in it. . By doing this, one of the most noticeable effects in the short term is the increase in the cohesion capacity of the sand particles, with the consequent improvement of the structure and quality of the soil, as well as its ability to host crops of plants and vegetables.
If you have a sandy soil of limited size, then the use of clay can help. In fact, you can, only for land that is not too large, otherwise it would be excessively expensive in economic terms, to bring a sufficient amount of clay even only in those areas of the garden where you intend to grow vegetables that are particularly demanding in terms of stability and structure of the soil. In fact, with clay, the sandy soil will be made more structured, helping it to retain liquid and nutrient substances, dramatically increasing the main quality for a soil: fertility! In this case, the expenditure of energy and money will be reduced to a minimum, to the benefit of your crops and the health of your vegetables.
Sandy soil: HOW TO RECOGNIZE A SANDY TYPE SOIL
There are several methods to reborn the type of soil we are going to cultivate. Recognizing the characteristics of the soil is of crucial importance for the choice of the vegetables we intend to host in our garden; the correct choice will avoid unnecessary expenditure of energy, time and money, also avoiding the disappointment of seeing the vegetables that have required so much effort and work to rot, wither and die. For this reason, learning to recognize the terrain is essential, despite the fact that the techniques are extremely simple.
First of all, it is possible to evaluate the type of your land with a tactile examination. Yes, without the need for sophisticated and expensive equipment, we can use our hands to recognize the degree of cohesion of the particles that make up the soil of our garden. And it is done with extreme simplicity.
Get down and grab a handful of soil from the portion of the garden you intend to analyze. Clench the quantity you have taken in your fist and flour it with your fingers, opening your hand immediately afterwards. If the portion of earth you have in your hand is flour and crumbles very easily inside your palm, then you are facing a loose and light soil, therefore of a sandy type, and it will be necessary to operate as described above, i.e. with the contribution of humus, manure, fertilizers or clay.
Another way, which can be carried out after the tactile test, is to put a piece of land taken from the garden into a jar full of water. Fill the jar one quarter full, then add water. Shake the jar vigorously after having carefully sealed it and watch how the earth you put in it behaves.
The heaviest particles, those of sand and gravel, will immediately fall to the bottom. Then, to follow, the earth and all the rest. In this way you will have the opportunity to check the degree of sandiness of the soil on which you intend to operate.