- interior garden">Indoor gardens
The internal gardens are those delimited by perimeter walls that can somehow limit their development, especially from the climatic and sunshine point of view.
For this reason, before setting them up, it is very important to take into consideration some aspects that concern them, namely:
- extension of the garden
- presence of external walls
- weather conditions
- garden exposure
- type of sunshine
- coexistence between plant species
- types of terrain
- types of irrigation
- shape and materials of containers for potted plants
- proximity to urban agglomerations
- possible limiting factors (such as pollution)
An installation of this type implies (depending on the size of the area) on the one hand the choice of plants to be housed, and on the other hand the insertion of outdoor furniture structures, such as: benches, tables and seats, shade formed by gazebos or pergolas covered with climbing species, swings, aquatic areas (not always present).
The purposes for which a garden is set up, in fact, are as much of an aesthetic and landscape nature as they are inspired by the creation of a place to relax and immerse yourself in nature.
The different plant species to house can be:
- arboreal plants (when the garden is large enough)
- shrub plants
- bushy plants
- climbing plants (recommended for covering walls, espaliers or palisades)
- evergreen plants (suitable for keeping the garden alive even during the winter months)
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- fat plants
- rustic plants (very robust and well adaptable)
- Mediterranean plants (in areas characterized by a climate of this type: hot and dry)
- aromatic and medicinal plants
- aquatic plants (if there is a body of water)
In the case of indoor gardens, the most suitable plants for an optimal setting must be chosen taking into account the fact that the amount of sunshine and the hours of light are of limited intensity and duration.
Therefore it is advisable to opt for varieties that live well in shady areas.
It is a broad-leaved and deciduous tree, with a majestic and imposing appearance, with a columnar trunk up to 40 meters high, fast growing.
The leaves are large, palmate or lobed with 5 distinct lobes, with rounded edges and toothed margin, dark green above and whitish below, which form a broad and rounded crown.
The hermaphrodite flowers gather in cluster inflorescences with a drooping trend, of a yellowish green color.
The fruit is a double samara.
It requires a fresh and well-drained soil, enriched with peat and humus, never with an acid component.
It must be housed in shady and cool areas, preferably not exposed to direct sunlight.
It is a broad-leaved, deciduous, very long-lived tree, which includes an imposing and columnar stem, up to 30 m high, covered with a smooth and shiny bark, of a brown-gray color.
The leaves have a lanceolate shape with a serrated margin and sharp apex, with alternate arrangement, and form a thick and rounded crown.
The male flowers are white and gathered in glomerulus-shaped inflorescences; the female flowers only isolated and wrapped in numerous bracts.
The fruit, brown and shiny, has a rounded shape with a pointed apex and a convex base: it is the chestnut, edible and tasty for humans.
It appears enclosed in a green and thorny casing called curly, which opens when fully ripe.
It requires a fresh and deep soil, with an acid component and not calcareous.
It is a species well adaptable to different climatic conditions.
It is a long-lived and imposing tree, up to 40 meters high, with a slender trunk covered with a smooth, dark gray bark, which supports many branches arranged horizontally.
The leaves are bright dark green and have a rounded margin.
The fruits have the appearance of cylindrical and compact pine cones, arranged in the apical portion of the plant, of a color that changes from light green to dark brown.
It requires deep, fresh and well-drained soil, enriched with organic material.
It prefers environmental conditions with considerable humidity and tolerates the cold well.
Shrubby and bushy species
It is an ornamental evergreen shrub up to twenty meters high, which can live both in the ground and in pots.
It has rhizomatous roots from which strong and flexible cylindrical stems are born, with very thin lanceolate leaves of bright green color.
It requires deep, well-drained soil enriched with peat, sand and chopped pine bark.
It prefers shady and humid areas of the garden, with not too intense sunshine.
It is necessary to water frequently especially in the hot months, alternating with nebulizations to the foliage.
It is advisable to fertilize at least once a month with low nitrogen liquid fertilizer.
It is an evergreen or semi-evergreen herbaceous plant depending on the variety.
It has an underground rhizome from which a herbaceous stem up to one meter high branches off, with full pinnate or bipinnate leaves, slender, arched or drooping, of a bright green color.
The plant forms thick tufts that prefer shady and humid areas of the garden, with a mild climate (minimum temperature of ten degrees).
It requires frequent nebulizations and fertilization to be done at least once a month.
In the internal gardens it is advisable not to house flowering plants, whose growth is largely dependent on good sunshine, but to favor the types of plants shown above.
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