Colored canaries are the most common and bred in the world as well as being the most numerous: over 300 different varieties of colors and plumage characteristics have been selected.
Despite this large number of varieties, color canaries make up one breed: the "Saxon".
Origin and history
The Saxon canary descends directly from the wild subjects coming from the Canary Islands which, following the shipwreck of the ship that transported them in the mid-16th century, spread to the island of Elba and from there they then passed to the peninsula where they were bred and reproduced in large numbers, forming object of trade with the peoples of other European nations, especially of the Germanic states.
About 14 centimeters long, this bird has a slender body and is lively and robust, not very demanding, rustic and prolific, with a strong and pleasant song.
Such is the pleasantness of the song of this canary that some authors, especially French, include the Saxon among the singing races rather than among the colored ones. It is the ideal bird for the novice grower, needing to acquire experience in the domestic reproduction of these birds.
Sassoni canaries (photo www.synapsis.it)
The first subdivision of these canaries is based on the presence or absence of dark pigments (eumelanine and feomelanine). The total absence of melanins (the color of the eyes may be an exception) gives rise to the group of lipochrome. Their presence gives rise to the group of gods melanin. Then these groups are divided according to Type, Variety and Category.Lipochromics include the following varieties:
- Ivory yellow
- Ivory red
- Dominant white
- Recessive white
Melaninics include the following types:
a) Basic types
- Agate (1st factor)
b) Types added
- Pastel (2nd factor)
- Opal (3rd factor)
- Pheo (4th factor)
- Satiné (5th factor)
- Topaz (6th factor)
- Eumo (7th factor)
- Onyx (8th factor)