How to teach him to come to the call
Even your dog has a name that is well known to him. After hearing him many times at home, he found that he should rush when he is called. Because? But because he is called only for happy occasions, when the food is ready, when you want to offer him a tidbit, when you want to pet him and play. Outdoors, the matter is different. The dog prefers to play on his behalf or with other dogs, chasing leaves, birds, butterflies or a cat, rather than entertaining himself with the owner. Therefore one must actually teach him to come when he is called.
Call the dog
To do this, you can proceed as follows: after teaching the dog to walk correctly on a leash, let him go along the entire length of the leash itself. Then stop and call him. If, instead of coming, he stands there questioningly, pull lightly on the leash until it is at your feet, even if you have to drag it. In no case should you move towards the dog! When you get to yourself, reward the dog with a caress and some goodies that you have previously provided, for example with dog treats. Stroke him with enthusiasm, as if a month had passed since your last meeting!
Then continue on the path and repeat the exercise; repeat it until the dog has learned it perfectly. It won't take long if you insist every time you go out together. Don't forget the premium tidbits, because when he realizes that his obedience makes him earn one, everything will become easier.
How to teach him to stand by your side
From here on, training becomes a little more difficult. So far the dog has learned to come when he is called, that is the basic education that all dogs should have. The following exercises are a little more difficult to teach and more difficult to learn because the dog must give up much of his freedom and light-heartedness.
Teaching the dog to stand by our side is a little harder than teaching him not to pull on a leash. For this purpose, a special type of collar is needed, the so-called "strangle" collar. It is a collar in a metal chain, free to slide within one of the end rings so as to tighten around the dog's neck if the dog pulls a little too much. Do not be alarmed, because it is not a torture tool (as its name might suggest): it is instead a very useful aid for advanced dog training. Put on the choke collar and go out with the dog: if he pulls too much, this type of collar will make him stop in no time! When you understand the effect of the collar, stop and start again with the dog's head at the height of your left knee. Walk quickly, tight leash, continually repeating the word FOOT or BEHIND. If the dog crosses your knee, pull it back firmly, but do not overdo it, ordering BEHIND at the same time! aloud. If he insists on overtaking you, stop and start again. Repeat this exercise until he has learned it ... it takes a lot of patience, but if the dog learns to walk beside you in this way, it will not forget this behavior for life.
Certain dogs are a little lazy and walk normally behind the owner rather than ahead. If your dog is one of them, stop, call him and repeat the word BEHIND him until he has grasped the meaning. Reward him with a tidbit after each correct execution: he must learn that BEHIND means walking near your left foot.
After the dog has learned the BEHIND by being on a short leash, you can use a longer one and put on his normal collar, that of every day. If by chance you forget the lessons received, return to the strangle collar. Don't give him the slightest chance to forget the teachings ... and don't forget to always use the same word: BEHIND! (or FOOT!).
Black poodle (photo www.maidum-shamrock.com)
How to teach him to stop without a leash
After the dog has learned to walk with his feet on a long walking leash, the next step in his training is to stop without command. Thus, if the owner stops at the corner of the street waiting to cross or to chat with someone along the way, the dog will not pull to continue. For this purpose, and for the first lessons, the strangle collar is used.
Go out with the dog for the usual walk, keeping him constantly at the foot. Then suddenly stop on your steps, holding the leash tightly in your hand. Don't let him sit! And don't give any commands. As soon as it also stops, stroke it on the back and give it some goodies as a reward. Then start the hurry again and stop abruptly again. Always keep the leash tight and repeat the exercise until the dog has learned to stop suddenly on his steps like you. When you stop, do it deliberately, so that the dog is forced to be alert to predict and do it at the same time. You will notice it by the fact that, taking a few steps, he will turn his head to peer at you, attentive to your intentions. In fact, he will be eager to satisfy you when he has learned what you want and will not lose sight of you throughout the walk. If you have the opportunity to observe a well-trained dog for a walk, you will see that instead of being distracted with something else, he will look at the owner every two or three steps.
When the dog has learned to stop without command, you can signal your intention to resume the journey in various ways. One of these is to loosen the leash and then start again, so that you will learn that loose leash means to start walking again. Otherwise, you can use a word, such as "away", "go", "go" and the like. The word chosen does not matter, as long as you always use that.
Dog Training - Fossombrone.it Breeding
Labrador Retriever (website photo)
Isolde, female of Border Collie (photo by Ermanno Salvaterra www.salvaterra.biz)