Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 1- shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).
The Australian Cattle Dog breed was created around the year 1840. At that time, through various crosses, attempts were made to find a breed capable of treating wild cattle. It was just a famous cattle breeder, "Mc Hall", who with his various mestizos managed to generate a new type of robust and hard dog. He crossed the short-haired "Blue-merle Collie" with the "Dingo". Mc Hall called these new dogs "Heelers" which means "heel", because they were able to treat cattle by biting them in that part of the limb. They proved to be truly unsurpassed dogs in their role. There are those who argue that there is also a stream of white "Bull Terrier" blood in the Cattle, and this hypothesis is however not foolish. The Standard was issued by Australia in the year 1903. In its home country it is a breed widely used on farms. It is not widespread outside of one's own island. There have been some decent farms in Northern Europe.
The Australian Cattle dog is a medium-small, dolomycorphic mesocephalic dog. It is morphologically classified as a lipoid. He is a robust working dog. It is compact with a symmetrical construction. It is endowed with strong musculature and gives the impression of tone and great agility. He is actually a very dynamic and solid dog. Very well proportioned.
It has a rather particular character. They can be considered dual-purpose dogs, because they are excellent shepherd dogs but also discreet guard dogs. They are always vigilant dogs and always attentive to everything around them. Their courage is fearless. In their work they are always determined, without any kind of hesitation. They have a great sense of devotion to duty. They are very loyal and loyal to their owner. They are lovers of outdoor life, and they love being taken to new places. He is also a good companion for the family. Extremely intelligent.
Restaconme Lancia, female of Australian Cattle Dog (photo www.auscattledog.it)
Australian Cattle Dog puppy (photo www.auscattledog.it)
- males from 18 to 20 inches, i.e. about 46 to 51 cm.
- females 17 to 19 inches, i.e. about 43 to 48.5 cm.
Weight: from 16 to 20 kg.
Trunk: the length of the body, from the highest point to the sternum in a straight line up to the buttocks, is greater than the height at the withers in a ratio of 10 to 9. The back line is horizontal, the back is strong, the ribs are well circled and curved backwards and are not placed parallel. The chest is deep and muscular, moderately broad, the rump is broad and muscular.
Head and muzzle: in proportion with the other regions of the body and in harmony with the general configuration; the skull is rather broad, barely curved between the ears. It has a not too marked but well defined stop. Cheeks not loaded but well-muscled. The forehead is wide. The lips are tightly closed and clean.
Truffle: black in color regardless of the color of the dog.
Teeth: complete in development, in number and with regularly aligned incisors. The lower jaw is strong, deep and well developed. Scissor closure.
Neck: it is of exceptional strength, muscular, of medium length and enlarged until it merges into, totally devoid of dewlap.
Ears: must be moderate in size, preferably small. Broad at the base, muscular, erect and moderately pointed. Tilt slightly outwards.
Eyes: oval and medium size. The color of the iris is dark brown.
Pace: pure, free and elastic and without any sense of tiredness.
Skin: thin and adherent throughout the body.
Limbs: with strong bone structure, which extend to the feet without weakening to the pastural. Seen from the front, they must be perfectly perpendicular, seen from the side the pasturals must show a slight angle with the upper part of the limb. The hindquarters are broad and quite muscular. The croup is rather elongated and inclined. The thighs are long, wide and well developed.
Shoulder: wide boned, rounded, muscular and with good angulation with respect to the arm.
Musculature: well developed throughout the body, especially in the hind limbs.
Tail: the position is low and follows the contours of the inclined croup. In rest it must lose in a slight curve and is of such length as to reach just the hocks. It can be raised during movement or excitement.
Hair: the external one is resistant to all climatic conditions. It is moderately short, straight and fairly thick. The undercoat is thick and dense at the same time.
Allowed colors: blue, that is blue or mottled with blue, with or without spots or traces of other colors. The mottling and allowed spots are black, blue with tan markings on the head, preferably regularly distributed. It may also have a red speckled coat, but it is not desirable.
Most common defects: divergent or convergent cranio-facial axes, prognathism, non-standard height, total depigmentation of the truffle, enognatism, cryptorchidism or monorchidism, clear eye, shy character, incorrect gait, spoon-shaped ears.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it