Breeds of dogs: Australian Kelpie

Breeds of dogs: Australian Kelpie

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Australia.
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).

Only in the last few decades has Australian Kelpie begun to be appreciated outside of its home country. In Australia it is a very popular breed, in the suburbs, where sheep are raised. In the last census, made around 1981, it was established that there were about 80 thousand subjects of this breed in Australia, which will have increased significantly since then. There is not much to say about its origins. It is a breed considered Australian native. His ascendants are indicated by many, as two dogs imported into his country from distant Scotland towards the end of the nineteenth century, who were, in all likelihood, two "Collies". The first female, born from this litter, was called "Kelpie", and since then this name has remained tied to the breed. In 1902 the breed standard was established. His debut in a dog show dates back to the year 1908, and several subjects were presented at the Royal Show in Melbourne.

General aspect

The Australian Kelpie is a medium-sized and mole dog, a painful mesocephalic. It is morphologically classified as a wolf.
Very toned and energetic breed. It has a good construction and a robust muscle conformation. Has a remarkable agility in the limbs.
It must be devoid of any symptoms of frailness and thinness. He is essentially a working dog. Very resistant breed.


It is a race of extraordinary intelligence. Very smart, but with a calm, mild and thoughtful character. It has an inexhaustible energy.
It is capable of enduring long and tiring work, without any kind of problem. It adapts without difficulty to any kind of climate and place. He loves to discover new places and loves to be carried around. Very obedient, if well trained. Very devoted to his master. She instinctively possesses the aptitude for working with herds of sheep, both in the enclosure of enclosures and in open spaces. It has a great rapidity in movements and a fair speed.

Reddish Australian Kelpie (photo

Australian Kelpie (photo

Australian Kelpie (photo


- males 18 to 20 inches, i.e. about 46 to 51 cm.
- females from 17 to 19 inches, or approximately from 43 to 48.5 cm.
Weight: up to 20 kg

Trunk: with deep chest. The ribs are well circled with a firm upper back line. The kidneys are short and well muscled. It has a considerable depth of the hips.
The length of the dog from the front point of the sternum in a straight line up to the buttocks is greater than its height at the withers in proportion of 10 to 9.
Head and muzzle: it is in proportion to the size of the dog. The skull is slightly rounded and flat between the ears, the forehead curves very gently towards a well-pronounced nose-frontal jump. The cheeks are not full, but rounded towards the forehead which is in turn well shaped and defined. The muzzle is of moderate length and tapers towards the nose. The muzzle is rather narrow in proportion to the skull. The lips are tight and clean.
Truffle: its coloring harmonizes with that of the coat.
Teeth: healthy, strong and complete in number. Scissor closure.
Neck: it is of harmonious length, strong, hardly curved to show a certain dignity. It gradually engages in the shoulders and is absolutely free of dewlap.
Ears: they are erect and taper in an acute point. The interior of the auricle is well-stocked with hair.
Eyes: almond-shaped. They are medium in size and are well delimited at the corners. The color is brown. In the subjects with the blue coat, even lighter ones are allowed.
Pace: firm, loose, free and tireless. It can suddenly switch to full speed.
Skin: thin and adherent throughout the body.
Limbs: the arm is slightly angled with respect to the forearm. The elbows are located parallel to the median plane of the body. The forelegs are well equipped with muscles, strong but well-shaped bone, perfectly straight. The pasturals show only a slight drop in the forearm when viewed from the side. The hindquarters must demonstrate considerable dimensions and strength. The croup is rather long and inclined, forming an angle corresponding to that of the shoulders. The hocks are placed rather low and parallel to the body. The feet are rounded, with sturdy pads. Short and strong nails.
Shoulder: clean, muscular and well inclined, with withers located well forward.
Musculature: well developed throughout the body, especially in the hind limbs.
Tail: when the dog is at rest it must hang in a slight curve. It can be raised in motion. In length it must almost reach the hock.
Hair: that of cover is moderately short, straight and very resistant to all climatic conditions. The undercoat is short and thick. On the head and limbs the hair is shorter. It is longer on the neck and on the back of the thighs. On the tail it is shaped like a "brush".
Allowed colors: black, brown and black, reddish, red and brown, chocolate fawn, blue-smoke.
Most common defects: non-standard measures, lack of premolars, deviated jaw, incorrect movement, prognathism, enognatism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, too long hair, incorrect back, shy character, construction in the square, depigmentation of the truffle, colors not allowed.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Dogs 101- Australian Cattle Dog (September 2021).