Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.
Bassets are considered follow dogs, although many inexperienced people often confuse them with dachshunds who are a completely different thing, being den dogs. They have a relatively recent origin. This particular breed was bred and selected to meet certain conditions of a particular job. The reduced size of this dog has significant advantages in its use. Even if his sense of smell is not the most powerful and his speed is moderate, this dog was used for hunting in not very large soils. It is a breed that in the hunting field cannot compete with larger breeds, such as the "Italian Hound" or the "Bracco", in fact it is never used in hunting alone but always in the suits of different subjects. There are two varieties of this breed, always from the same original strain. One variety was selected by Count Le Coulteulx in Artois and is the "Basset Normand, the other variety was selected by Lane in Flanders and is called" Artesian ", but there are so few differences that have been crossed in the past. More times.
Basset Artésien-Normand small dog and size, aberrant anacolimorphic Dachshund, dolichocephalus. It is morphologically classified as a braccoid. It is a long dog, longer than its size actually implies, well placed. The structure is solid, with a fairly dry musculature, of the right bone in relation to the size.
It is a breed that surprises everyone who owns it. From his appearance he looks like a delicate dog, but the appearance is deceiving in this case, in fact it is a fairly resistant breed. If he is trained daily, he is able to withstand long walks and hard work tests. It is a breed suitable for small game, although today few people use it for this purpose. He is a very affectionate dog with his owner and very suitable for being together with family and children. Also suitable for living with other animals. When taken on a hunt he takes on an incredible ferocity with his prey and shows exceptional courage. Always loyal and sufficiently obedient.
Basset Artésien-Normand (photo www.wildpromotie.nl)
Basset Artésien-Normand (photo www.bassetartesiennormand.nl)
Height: varies from 26 cm to 36 cm at the withers.
Weight: varies from 13 to 16 kg.
Trunk: thorax with a prominent sternum, the chest moderately descended, but broad and rounded. The ribs are round, compensating for their lack of depth with their convexity. The back is broad and well supported. The kidney slightly arched. The hips are somewhat oblique with a slight inclination to the rump. The side is down and full.
Head and muzzle: dome-shaped, of medium width, cheeks formed not by a complex of muscles, but only for the skin that draws us one or two folds. Overall, the head must have a rather gaunt appearance. The skull with nose-frontal fall marked without exaggerations. The occipital apophysis is sometimes apparent. The nasal bridge is of medium length, quite wide, slightly convex ahead of the nose.
Truffle: black and broad, a little forward with respect to the lips; the nostrils are wide open.
Teeth: regularly aligned and complete in number and development.
Neck: quite long, with a little dewlap, but always without exaggeration.
Ears: attached as low as possible, never above the eye line, tight at the attack, well curled, soft, very long ends, reaching at least the length of the muzzle and ending rather at the tip.
Eyes: large, dark, calm and serious gaze. The lower conjunctiva sometimes appears.
Limbs: forelimbs short, thick, twisted or half-twisted or a little less than half-twisted, provided they have a sufficiently visible, but never deformed, torsion principle. The front limbs often present under the articulation of the carpus, i.e. on the metacarpals, several folds of skin. The thighs are well padded and muscular, they must form an almost spherical mass with the croup. The hocks are slightly folded and strong. Feet laid straight, the toes are outlined without any differences, so that they rest well on the ground.
Pace: calm, but casual.
Musculature: fairly dry, but evident.
Tail: well attached, rather long, strong at the root and progressively thinned. Sometimes carried like a saber, but never hanging on the back, not herringbone.
Hair: satin, short and closed, without being too fine.
Allowed colors: tricolor or white and orange, two-tone. The tricolor dogs must be largely stained with fawn on the head, with coat or spots, both black, and hare gray or badger hair, shaded with fawn at their end.
Most common defects: non-standard measures, deviated jaw, lack of premolars, flat head, enognatism, wide forehead, flat ears, elbows out, flat feet, too long tail, twisted tail, closed hocks, flat thighs, deformed front limbs, incorrect movement, legs straight.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it