Origin, classification and history
Origin: USA - Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.
The Basset-Hound is a relatively recent breed of training. It was imported to England in the nineteenth century. It is a breed that was formed in France, was selected in the seventeenth century by the old type of the "Hound of St. Hubert". In Britain this Basset was carefully selected. In 1883 he was officially recognized and joined the English Kennel Club. Many disputes arose later on how the breed was selected. Some thought that the aesthetic aspect of the breed should be highlighted, others argued that the hunting usefulness of the breed should be maintained. Its diffusion and popularity was highlighted only after the United States took over the selection of this particular breed which was bred and selected, until it was American in all respects. His nationality is always in dispute between the British and the Americans. The latest standard was issued in 1977 by England. The correct way is to say that his nationality is Anglo-American. The Basset Hound is also very well bred in Italy, thanks to large breeders such as Dr. Giuseppe Benelli.
Small dog, aberrant anacolymorphic Dachshund, dolichocephalus. Morphologically classified as a braccoid.
Dog with short limbs, but of considerable substance, well balanced. Its bone structure is heavier, in relation to the size, than any other breed, while its movements are loose and free of clumsiness. Throughout the body, the muscle phases are well distributed and developed. His voice is strong and deep.
It has all the features that offer it the ability to perfectly follow a track, even on difficult terrain. In movement it does not show oscillation of the elbows and knees and the joints are not rigid. It has long ears, which are one of the aspects that make this splendid breed unique.
He is an exceptional dog. Sweet temperament, neither lively nor shy. He has great resistance and is extremely devoted to the master. He becomes fond of the family that cares for them. He is an exceptional companion. He loves being led to take long walks, even if sometimes, if used to being at home, he gets a little lazy. One of the favorite dogs of children because of its original and funny appearance. It is now little used for its hunting performance, but above all it is praised and preferred for its qualities as a good dog for the company.
Basset-Hound (website photo)
Basset-Hound (website photo)
Height: 13 to 15 inches, which correspond approximately from 33.02 cm to 38.10 cm.
Weight: varies from 18 to 27 kg.
Trunk: powerful chest with dumbbell of the sternum in evident, chest well descended and circled with ribs well rounded and elongated backwards. The back is broad, strong, straight, with the withers and rump at approximately the same height. The kidney is short and can be slightly arched.
Head and muzzle: domed, with slight stop and well marked occipital crest. Of medium length, slightly narrower from the forehead to the nose. The muzzle, in its general appearance is sparse, but not pointed. The length of the skull is equal to that of the muzzle. The craniofacial axes are parallel to each other. On the forehead and on the external sides of the eyes there are moderate folds of skin. In any case, the skin of the head is so relaxed as to form visible wrinkles when the dog tends his head forward. The upper pendulous lip, abundantly covers the lower one.
Truffle: completely black; it is brown or liver-colored in subjects with a light coat. It is wide, with nostrils well open, it can protrude a little beyond the front face of the muzzle.
Teeth: must be complete. The closure is scissor or pincer.
Neck: muscular and quite long, with good arching and with a nice detachment from the neck; in its lower margin it has an abundant dewlap, but without exaggeration.
Ears: inserted very low and back, never below the eye line. They are very long, fall soft and with internal volute. They are of velvety texture, soft and very thin cartilage. If stretched forward they must pass the tip of the truffle.
Brown eyes. They can fade to hazelnut in subjects with a light coat. They must not be protruding or sunken. The lower eyelid shows, moderately, the red nictitating membrane. The expression is serious and calm.
Limbs: short, powerful with important bone structure. The elbows are well attached to the chest. The carppi slightly twisted but not so much to prevent a loose movement or to touch each other when the dog moves. The foot can be turned straight forward or slightly turned out, in any case the dog must be perfectly aligned, with the weight well distributed between the toes and the plantar pads, so that the footprint left on the ground is that of a large dog. The rear is very muscular, robust, seen from behind it must look like a sphere. Knees well oblique and forward.
Gait: its movement must elicit the impression of harmony and power, with the limbs moving perfectly in line.
Shoulder: well-inclined shoulder blades and non-heavy shoulder.
Musculature: highly developed throughout the body, especially in the hind limbs.
Tail: well carried, rather long, strong at the base and narrows towards the tip. In its lower part the hair moderately longer and harder. When the dog moves, it is brought up and gently curves towards the back, like a saber. Never curled and gay.
Hair: smooth, short and adherent without being too fine.
Allowed colors: generally tricolor, white and orange or white and lemon. However, all the colors of the Hounds are allowed.
Most common defects: atypical, delicate construction, lack of harmony, weak limbs and feet, depigmentation, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, enognatism, prognathism, lack of premolars, deviated jaw, twisted tail, divergent or converging longitudinal axes of the head, incorrect movement.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it