The bud grafting, also called scudetto grafting, is based on the assumption that the buds that are formed on the shoots that grow in spring, in summer go into quiescence until the following spring and in that period they are easily used to pick up scions.
Choose for this task one year old branches, healthy and of medium vigor, taken from neither old nor young plants: the former could give rise to a stunted development, while those taken from young plants could delay the entry into production. As soon as the branches have been collected, remove the leaves but leave the stalk, then if you do not use the branches immediately, keep them in a cool and humid place wrapped in wet rags. Then, when you use the scions, immerse the base in water for a few hours. The scudetto graft, also called a dormant bud or T, is performed in late summer and consists in inserting the bud under the bark of a branch. To do this, the bark must lift easily, so choose a period in which the vegetative activity is at its maximum. Eventually you can stimulate it through some irrigations. Depending on the plant that you will have to graft, the timing of the operation will also vary: in fact, usually we proceed first with the plum tree, then with the pear tree, then the cherry tree, the peach tree and finally the almond tree. The rootstock plant must be prepared on the branch of a young plant, after having removed all the nearest shoots, but it can also be done on the branch of an adult plant, always provided that the bark is lifted easily.