Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs
The Berger de la Brie (Brie Shepherd or Briard) takes its name from the French Region of the same name. Of this breed we have documented information since the thirteenth century. This breed in the past had many aspects common to the breed closest to it as its origin, namely the "Beauceron". Later, thanks to Pierre Mégnin, a precise distinction was made in the year 1863. like many breeds, there are different hypotheses on the origins. Many argue that this breed descends from a shepherd breed of oriental origin which was introduced to Europe and later crossed with local shepherd breeds. Others assume that there may be in the Barbet blood race. Still others argue that it comes from crosses with the "Catalan Shepherd Dog" and with the "Cào da Serra de Aires". Its history is full of anecdotes and singular stories, having been the favorite breed of many well-known historical figures. Its greatest spread is obviously in its country of origin, where it is even considered the first national breed. Globally it is in the first places in the ranking, after the "German Shepherd" and few others. Its first Standard was issued in 1897, was modified in 1909, in 1925 and in 1964, was then definitively formalized by the F.C.I. in 1980.
Good size dog, agile, muscular and very well proportioned. Characterized by very long, sparse and shaggy hairs that remind a little of those of the Goat. It has a thick beard and thick eyebrows that hide the eyes. His gait is lively and lively. He has a rather developed musculature, especially in the rear, which allows him a fair boost in running.
Similar to all French shepherd breeds. The character of this breed is a fundamental aspect in competing judgment; it is very balanced. He must never be aggressive nor should he show any signs of shyness. He proves to be an excellent guard dog and a discreet shepherd for the management of the flocks. A fairly rustic dog and able to withstand long hours of work. It adapts very well to all kinds of climatic conditions, does not suffer from cold temperatures.
Female of Berger de la Brie gray-fawn - Shepherd of the Brie gray-fawn (website photo)
Female of Berger de la Brie slate - Shepherd of the Brie slate (photo Monsieur Hugo)
- males from 62 to 68 cm at the withers
- females from 56 to 64 cm at the withers.
Weight: from 28 to 34 kg.
Trunk: wide and deep chest, well descended to the elbow. The chest must never be tightened. The back is straight. The rump is slightly inclined, slightly rounded in shape.
Head and muzzle: long and strong, with marked front-nasal depression and placed at equal distance from the top of the head and from the end of the truffle, garnished with hairs that form a beard, mustache and eyebrows that slightly veil the eyes. The forehead is very slightly rounded. The nasal bridge is straight. The muzzle is neither narrow nor pointed.
Truffle: more square than round, always black, large and open.
Teeth: strong, white and perfectly matching. Complete in number.
Neck: muscular and well hanging from the shoulders.
Ears: inserted high. Sometimes amputated and carried upright. Non-adherent and rather short if left intact.
Eyes: horizontal, well open, rather large, not almond-shaped, dark in color, with intelligent and calm expression. The gray eye in a gray cannot be penalized. It must never be clear.
Limbs: well muscled, with strong bone structure and correct haunches. Hocks not too low and angled, with metatarsals tending to vertical. The feet are strong, rounded in shape. The nails are black. The soles are hard, the toes are closed. Double spurs in the hind limbs.
Gait: casual and fast enough in all types.
Shoulder: quite oblique.
Musculature: well developed in all parts of the body. More evident in the hind limbs than in other parts of the body.
Tail: intact, well trimmed with fur, forming hook at the end, low flow rate, never deflected. It must reach the tip of the hock or go beyond it by a maximum of five centimeters.
Hair: supple, long, dry. It looks a lot like Goat hair. With light undercoat. Never too short or up.
Allowed colors: all uniform colors are allowed, except black with too many reddish reflections, except for very light fawn or fawn not warm enough, except for white, brown, mahogany, two-tone. Loaded colors are preferred. Do not confuse the two-tone with a slightly lighter tint at the end, which represents only a beginning of depigmentation. This slightly lighter tint must remain in the same color range. The fawn must be warm and uniform, not clear or washed out.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, lack of premolars, non-standard sizes, coat colors not allowed, shy or aggressive character, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect movement, defective rear axle, simple spurs, absence of spurs, white nails, saddle back, humped back, eye small or light, sheep nose, pointed muzzle, light truffle.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it