Origin, classification and history
Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).
For some experts, this particular breed was already present in Romanesque times. The lack of documentation on its origins only gives the possibility to support various hypotheses. Almost for sure, the ancestor of the Bearded is also the ancestor of the "Bobtail", "Brianrd", "Bergamasco", "Pumi" and "Puli" in Hungary. There are those who think that the "Russian Oftscharka" also comes from the same ascendant. There was also a certain similarity in the Bearded with the "Polish Shepherd Dog". There is also the supposition, quite probable, that this breed is of autochthonous derivation. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, this dog was undoubtedly considered to be a working dog, to whom the judas and the complete management of the herds of cattle were entrusted for moving from one location to another. In the winter season, the Bearded proved to be of enormous help to the owner of the herd, because the mechanical means of today to manage and guide the livestock did not exist. The first club was formed in Edinburgh in 1912. At the beginning it did not have a large diffusion, but was then re-evaluated from 1950 onwards. Since 1970 the breed was imported into many European and non-European countries, including the U.S.
His name means "bearded collie".
Medium-sized dog, pain mesocephalic. It has a robust constitution. It is not very heavy, despite its robustness. It has neither a massive appearance nor the pace of the "Bobtail". The muzzle has a very fascinating and typical expression. Its main feature is its fur, which is very long, even on the muzzle; forms a sort of beard and long mustache.
Exceptional temperament. A very lively and cheerful dinner. Faithful friend, very loyal and affectionate. He never tires of being together with his master. It must never be aggressive or fearful; if these two aspects appear in its character, they are to be considered a defect to be penalized. Very confident dog. Fearsome guardian of the property. His expression is very nice and meaningful. Always find a way to make yourself understood by man. Perfect companion.
Bearded Collie group (photo www.beardedcollie.it)
Miss Cuddle, Bearded Collie female (photo www.beardedcollie.it)
Bearded Collie puppy (photo www.beardedcollie.it)
- males from 53 to 56 cm
- females from 51 to 53 cm
Weight: from 18 to 27 kg
Trunk: Chest well lowered, wide and deep at heart level, with ribs well circled but not with barrel staves. It is the length of the rib cage that gives the length of the body, not that of the kidney.
Head and muzzle: Head proportionate to size, with large, flat and square skull. The distance from the stop to the occiput is the same as that measured between the orifices of the ears. Strong muzzle, of length equal to that of the skull from the stop alloccipite; the overall impression is that of strength and moderate size of the skull. Moderate stop; large and square truffle in harmony with the color of the coat.
Truffle: Truffle and lips are plain, without spots; the pigmentation of the lips and the eyelid edge correspond to the color of the truffle.
Teeth: Large and white teeth. Strong jaws; perfect teeth, regular and complete scissor bite.
Ears: Medium size, hanging. On alert, they stand at the base at the top of the skull, but not above it. Neck of moderate length, muscular and slightly arched.
Eyes: In harmony with the color of the coat, large and well spaced, not protruding, sweet and affectionate. Arched eyebrows upward and forward, but not long enough to hide the eyes.
Skin: well fitting in every part of the body.
Limbs: Shoulders well inclined behind. Straight and vertical limbs, with good bone and covered with shaggy hair in all parts; elastic but not weak metacarpals. Good musculature, with well set legs; well-angled fat; hocks well lowered; metatarsals in perfect perpendicular and which must be placed immediately behind an ideal perpendicular traced starting from the tip of the buttock.
Movement: Loose, compact; the stride is very wide and casual.
Musculature: well developed throughout the body.
Upper line: straight.
Tail: Attached low, not twisted and long enough for its last vertebra to reach at least the height of the hock. Low flow and curved upwards, it can stretch during the race. Covered with abundant hair.
Hair: Soft and thick undercoat, almost a fur; flat, rough, strong and bristly hair, with a non-fluffy texture, not with curls, even if a slight waviness is allowed. Of sufficient length and density to provide good protection and bring out the shape of the subject. It must not undergo any treatment.
Muzzle covered with scattered hair, slightly longer on the side, so as to cover the lips, forming the typical beard.
Allowed colors: slate gray, fawn that gives red, black and blue all shades of gray, brown or sand, with or without white spots; where there are, they appear on the muzzle, on the head, at the end of the tail, on the chest, on the limbs and on the feet; white collar. The roots of the white hairs should not extend behind the shoulders; the white must not appear below the hocks and on the external part of the hind limbs.
Most common defects: non-standard measures, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, diffident character, shy character, incorrect gait, hair too short, lack of premolars, deviated jaw, incorrect back, aggressive character, lack or excess of stop, thin muzzle, ears too short, straight shoulder, colors not allowed.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it