Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).
This particular dog breed was selected in antiquity as a shepherd dog to protect, supervise and guide flocks. It takes its name from the Province of Bergamo and spread throughout the Alps, where sheep farming was widespread. The remote ascendants of this breed are thought to have been the ancient Tibetan Shepherds.
Medium-sized dog, rustic in appearance with abundant coat and particular appearance. Strong construction and excellent proportions.
Strong, fearless and courageous like his ancestors who fought wolves. It is an extraordinary breed even if used as a guard and defense breed for property, as well as for the flock. He does not give up if he perceives the presence of an intruder or an enemy and has the ability to violently attack the aggressor, whether it is people or animals that invade his property. It has an excellent olfactory quality, in fact in some cases it has also been used as a police dog. He can efficiently perform the task of pet dog for the family and is always grateful to those who take care of them.
Bergamasco Shepherd Dog - Father, mother and daughter (photo www.pastorebergamasco.com)
Bergamasco Sheepdog - Seven year old gray male (photo www.pastorebergamasco.com)
Bergamasco Sheepdog (photo www.pastorebergamasco.com)
- males 60 cm
- females 56 cm
- males 32-38 kg
- females kg 26-32
Trunk: the length of the trunk is equal to the height at the withers (if measured from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock). In this case the trunk is said to be in the square.
Head and muzzle: the skull has the same length as the muzzle. The head has a parallelepiped shape, although it is not clearly visible due to the thick hair. The skull is broad and slightly convex in the area between the two ears. The muzzle gradually tapers towards the end and the two lateral faces converge slightly, this means that the muzzle is not pointed but truncated. The width of the muzzle equals half its length.
Truffle: large and evident.
Teeth: complete in development, in number and with regularly aligned incisors.
Neck: slightly convex in profile and slightly shorter than the head. It is about 80% of the total length of the head.
Skin: thin and adherent throughout the body.
Limbs: the height of the forelegs is 50% of the height at the withers. They must be upright and well proportioned to the trunk. Hindquarters in perpendicular profile and seen from behind.
Shoulder: massive, it is about ¼ of the height at the withers. It must have an inclination of 45-55 degrees with respect to the horizontal plane.
Musculature: well developed throughout the body, especially in the hind limbs.
Upper line: always straight.
Tail: it is located at the last third of the rump; it must appear large, robust and totally covered with fur.
Proportions: trunk equal to height; head length equal to 14/10 of the height at the withers; rib height is equal to half the height at the withers.
Hair: very abundant hair throughout the body, especially in the middle of the trunk and with the typical rough texture called "ringlets".
Allowed colors: all shades of gray.
Most common defects: divergent or convergent craniofacial axes, prognathism, non-standard height, total depigmentation of the truffle, enognatism, nasal or concave nasal cane, trumpet tail, anurism, brachiurism, cryptorchidism or monorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it