Origin and uses
Origanum Majorana, this is the herbal term of the plant. It is a medicinal plant from Africa and Asia, where it is born and also grows spontaneously. Marjoram, also known as the "sun plant", seems to be a good omen for the happiness of those who get married. In Italy it has an annual growth, as it does not withstand low temperatures. However, some plants, on the other hand, are kept for several years in the presence of mild winters and if they are treated with the necessary precautions. The species is widely used in the preparation of food, where it is used in every culinary creation, and the particular taste found in vegetable pies, pansotti, vitello tonnato and other foods is due to it. Marjoram also has medical properties, particularly sedative and antispasmodic: the infusion with this plant is mainly indicated for digestive difficulties, gastric problems and headache.
Sowing of seeds
Sowing should be done in early spring, in the special inseminator where half fine sand and half soil will be placed, which will be mixed carefully. Then, over the seeds, delicate and small, a very thin layer of earth must be placed. The seedbed (but a vegetable box can also be fine) should be placed in the shade with a temperature that is around fifteen degrees, having the care of laying on it the common plastic film that is used in the kitchen, or a veil of "non-woven fabric", which will be removed every day to moisten the soil with a spray and water at room temperature. In this step it is very important to keep the earth constantly moist, without drying out. After the plants have grown up to five or six centimeters in height, they can then be buried, even in pots, taking care to maintain a minimum distance of forty centimeters between one and the other.
The grounding and flowering of marjoram
For the grounding of the plant, the ideal period is from April to May. It is necessary to plant marjoram in a sheltered and sunny ground, as it loves the sun and the heat and suffers from low temperatures. It should be watered often with little water, remembering that when the plant is still small or blooming it needs more water. Important, then, is the topping, consisting in removing the flowers and the tips so that the plant becomes more robust and bushy. Flowering occurs from July to September, resulting in the loss of a part of the aroma, therefore it is advisable to cut the branches and let them grow back spontaneously. The aroma and healing qualities, preserved by the fresh leaves, are greatly dispersed in the dry leaves. However, if you want to proceed to dry the leaves, the bunches should be tied and placed upside down in a dark and dry place, allowing the dehydration to complete spontaneously. Usually it does not require fertilizer, but if necessary, a mixture of phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium can be added to the soil of the compost, available in specialized shops.
Marjoram plant: Eliminate pests and prune the plant
It may happen that parasites are present in the plant, which must be removed with the hands. However, a remedy that works is to spray the soil and the plant for three consecutive days with the "garlic macerate", which is formed by leaving the bulb in a liter of water for a whole day. Or you can put a clove of garlic in the ground very close to the plant, which is also useful for eliminating parasites. In autumn, pruning must be carried out with which the branches must be cut by at least ten centimeters, then taking care to water after cutting. To have a good chance that it won't dry out in winter, you need to cut the branches close to the ground and protect it from the cold by covering it with straw. With this system it is much easier for it to sprout again the following spring.