Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.
The origins of the Bloodhound (or Chien de St. Hubert) date back to the Middle Ages, in the area known as the Ardennes area. Like many breeds, its selection and its current appearance owes a great deal to the contribution of the British. Its origins are very ancient, there are those who claim that they are even Asian. Other scholars support the hypothesis that its progenitors were the great research dogs introduced into Gaul by the legions of Rome. It was a very popular breed at court, it was the object of gifts from the nobles in the past, and it was bred with great care since the sixteenth century. Although it is considered a "national symbol" in its country of origin, it is not very bred in Belgium, it is much more numerous in Germany and the Netherlands. It was first imported into the United States in 1885, and has since been very successful in this country. In Italy the breed is bred with excellent results, but the number of specimens is always modest. Its name "Bloodhound" means "blood dog". It takes its original name "Hound of St. Hubert" from Uberto, Bishop of Liège, who founded an Abbey where these dogs were bred, which the monks have continued to select for many decades.
Medium-large size dog, dolominocephalic mesomorphic. Morphologically classified as a Braccoid type. Heavy and rather massive dog. He has a slow and imposing gait. Its head represents one of the most characteristic points of the breed. It is a dog of solid construction. It has well muscled and strong limbs. The trunk is very well proportioned to the head and limbs. In recent years the size and bone structure of the past has been somewhat lost.
Follow dog par excellence. It is a perfect track hound for its olfactory qualities, which are highly developed compared to other breeds of this grouping. He has a good intelligence. It is a perfect breed for hunting on rough terrain, as it is very resistant. It has no climate problems, and adapts well to any place. His temperament is exemplary. He loves to be taken into consideration by the owner. She loves being in contact as much as possible with people she thinks are friends. She is a very affectionate and faithful. If used, it does not give any problems to stay at home with the family. He is calm enough if he is not stimulated to do business.
Bloodhound (website photo)
Bloodhound (website photo)
- males 67 cm for males
- females 60 cm for females.
Trunk: wide and descended thorax. Wide and wide back, very strong in relation to the structure of the dog. The hips are broad, almost coarse. The belly is slightly raised.
Head and muzzle: it must be well formed, large in all its dimensions except in width. The skull is very high and pointed, the occipital crest is extremely developed. The eyebrow arches are not very prominent and the expression of the head denotes grandeur and majesty. The skin on the forehead and cheeks has very marked wrinkles. Very long and hanging lips; their lower end must be 5 cm lower than the corner of the mouth. Muzzle very long and wide in the front; tight and with wrinkles in the hairline and in the sub-orbital regions.
Truffle: preferably black, possibly brownish-brown when the coat is not black.
Teeth: regularly aligned and complete in number and development.
Neck: long, so that the dog can follow the track with the truffle on the ground, without having to slow down his pace. Well muscled and with extremely developed dewlap.
Ears: sufficiently long, so that, pulled along the nasal bridge, they go beyond the truffle. Attached low, they hang against the jaws with pretty folds.
Eyes: dark hazel brown in color, the lower eyelid is very sloping, so as to show the dark red conjunctiva. Being fairly deep set they seem relatively small.
Limbs: straight, muscular and well boned. The well-developed hocks. Round, cat-like feet.
Shoulder: oblique and very muscular.
Pace: slow, calm but imposing.
Musculature: highly developed and evident in all parts of the body.
Tail: elegantly curved, higher than the back line, but not turned on the flag-shaped back. The lower part is garnished with hair about 5 cm long, which gradually become shorter towards the tip.
Hair: short and hard enough on the trunk, but sweet and silky on the ears and skull.
Allowed colors: black and tan, one color fire, brown and tan; the first color is the most sought after. The black color must lie on the saddle-shaped back, on the sides, above the nape and on the top of the head. White is not allowed, however white on the chest or legs does not result in disqualification.
Most common defects: non-standard sizes, deviated jaw, lack of premolars, pink truffle, light yellow coat, light yellow iris, gazzuoli eyes, defective rear end, incorrect movement, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, shy or fearful character.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it