Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 10 - greyhounds.
Borzoi (or Barzoi) is a breed with very ancient origins. They are common to almost all greyhounds. From Ethiopia, the greyhound spread to Egypt, imported by the conquests of the great Pharaohs. Over the centuries, crossing the Black Sea, this particular dog would have come to the northern regions, up to the area of the current Ex Soviet Union where, the Borzoi, in its primitive form, would have settled and established, with the primordial task of helping man in fighting the Wolf, as well as for hunting hare and fox. Other experts and enthusiasts of the breed claim that it comes from the ancient "Russian Greyhound" and the "Caucasus Greyhounds". Many historical figures have owned dogs of this breed, including Tsar Nicholas II. Borzoi arrived in western Europe around the year 1860, and in 1870 it made its first appearance in Great Britain. It was first presented at the exhibition of the Cristal Palace in London in the year 1880. The largest herd of this breed, in its country of origin, was that of Perchina by Grand Duke Nicola. The Standard was issued in 1923 in Ghent and was renewed in 1969. It is also called "Barsoi", "Russian Greyhound" and "Psowaja Barsaya".
Large dog, dolichomorphic dolichocephalus. Morphologically classified as a graioid type. Longline type. The main characteristics of the breed are its enormous stature, the richness of the fur, the beauty of its colors. It has a good balance of proportions and a great elegance in movements. Dog that impresses with its size and its particular somatic aspect, which is unique among all the various breeds.
The character of this magnificent animal stands out in general for its proverbial calm and great self-control.
It is a very resistant dog, it has no climate and temperature problems. He proves to be a very brave dog when used for guarding.
Given his large size, he does not seem able to run quickly on the surface, however, as a good Greyhound, he is a dog very quick in movement and rather fast in running. In many Eastern European countries it is still used for hunting in the wild, and given its fairly developed sensory qualities, it proves to be a good breed for this job. Very attached to his master. Sufficiently intelligent.
Borzoi (photo www.barzoi.it)
Borzoi (photo www.barzoi.it)
- males from 70 to 82 cm at the withers
- females about 5 cm smaller.
Weight: varies from 35 to 45 kg.
Trunk: lies in a slight rectangle, i.e. the length of the trunk is 1 to 2 cm greater than the height at the withers. The back forms a large arch in the male. The female may have a flatter back. Wide and very muscular back line. The withers are not accentuated. The thorax is relatively long and very deep, but proportionately narrow and flat with weakly rounded ribs. The chest is poorly pronounced. The rib cage forms a convex arch in its lower part. The belly is strongly retracted and underdeveloped. The rump is moon, broad and muscular. The bones of the hips must be separated by an interval at least one hand long, about 8 cm wide.
Head and muzzle: it must appear long, narrow, dry and finely chiseled. It is gradually thinning towards the truffle. The length of the muzzle is slightly greater than that of the skull. The forehead-nose profile forms an obtuse angle. The skull is flat, slightly elusive and, given the poor development of the zygomatic arches, it is very narrow. The occipital crest is highly accused. The muzzle is strong, long, narrow and shallow. The nasal bridge is slightly sheepish. The lips are fine and well stretched on the gums. The labial edges are well pigmented in black.
Truffle: relatively large, considerably surpassing the incisors. It must be black in color, whatever the color of the coat.
Teeth: complete, strongly developed and well closed. Shear or pincer closure.
Neck: it is long, well muscled, flattened laterally. The upper part is slightly turned, free of dewlap, abundantly supplied hair.
Ears: insert high and back. They are relatively small, fine, narrow and ending in the tip.
Eyes: large, almond-shaped, iris of the darkest color possible. Relatively close together. Sweet expression, but awake. The eyelid rhyme is slightly oblique. The eyelid edges are pigmented in black.
Leather: fine texture and well stretched. It is well pigmented, without any slackness.
Limbs: long, dry and muscular. The limbs are straight. The angles of the joints are relatively flexed. The length of the front limbs roughly equal to half the height at the withers. The forearm is particularly long and vertical, its rear part is fringed. The carpus is strong. The metacarpus is short and not absolutely vertical. The feet are supported parallel, narrow, oval in shape, closed and well arched toes. The nails and soles are well pigmented. The rear train is much more muscular than the front. The thigh is long, wide with a dry, overdeveloped musculature, the front is well trimmed with fur. The leg is long and the hock is well descended. The metatarsal is short.
Gait: in large strides, elastic in step and trot.
Shoulder: long, narrow and flat. It is garnished with tendinous muscles. Mighty and attached to the body.
Musculature: very well developed; more developed in the hind limbs than in all other parts of the body.
Tail: inserted low, carried in the shape of a scythe or scimitar. Very abundantly equipped with fur, as long as possible. In rest it is brought low. Passed between the thighs, it must reach the tip of the ileum bone, the closest.
Hair: long, silky, wavy or with large curls. Extremely thick around the neck, on the lower part of the side, behind the limbs and at the tail. Short on the head, on the ears and on the front face of the limbs.
Allowed colors: white, gold, silver gold, shadowed gold, black shadowed fire, dark muzzle and limbs, gray, brindle, fire. The tan spots are allowed, but not desired. In dark-colored subjects the black mask is characteristic.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, visible trope touches, opaque hair, short hair, coarse head, light truffle, salient cheekbones, snout too pointed, ears attached low, eyes too small, neck too coarse, chest too narrow, loose back, belly slightly retracted , delicate pasturals, dogged limbs, open fingers, rolled tail, incorrect movement, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it