Main features of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park
The National Park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines was established on 21 May 2001 with a specific decree issued by the President of the Republic. It extends on the Apennine ridge between the Tuscany region and Emilia Romagna, including territories belonging to the provinces of Lucca, Massa-Carrara, Parma and Reggio Emilia. It is one of the four youngest Italian parks and was born from the union of pre-existing regional protected areas. There are numerous visitor centers designed to inform customers by giving useful information on the routes to follow. In the same centers it is possible to rent sports equipment or buy everything you need before going to discover the beauties of the national park. In addition, some of them are excellent dining options.
The national park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines is spread over an area of over 23 thousand hectares, divided between the region of Emilia Romagna and Tuscany. The highest peaks are those of Monte del Prado, Alpe di Succiso and Monte Cusna: all reach an altitude of over 2,000 meters. The environment does not have a homogeneous appearance but is characterized by different landscapes from each other. Wide meadows alternate with dense chestnut woods, sheep pastures and typical moorland landscapes. Every year the park welcomes visitors who wish to venture on marked trails to discover the naturalistic beauties of the place. The territory is also appreciated by those looking for typical local flavors such as Parmigiano Reggiano or Garfagnana spelled.
The flora of the park
The National Park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines is characterized by a set of environments that are totally different from each other. Thanks to this peculiarity, the territory hosts numerous types of vegetation and perennial and annual floral species. The chestnut groves alternate with beech and dense oak woods that barely let any rays of sun penetrate the undergrowth. Under their fronds, a large number of blueberry and wild strawberry seedlings find shelter. In recent years, reforestation of varieties of conifers has been carried out which quickly took root and re-established themselves in an area particularly favorable to their development.Among the rare endemic species that can be encountered during a walk, there are the Apennine primrose, gentianella and willow herbal.
Apennine Park: The fauna
The territory of the Apennine park is frequented by passing birds that find refreshment and shelter there by hiding among the branches of the trees that are there. Pairs of kestrels reside permanently on site and nest each year maintaining the right balance between the birth rate and the low mortality rate to which the adult specimens are subject. Five stable pairs of golden eagles currently live inside the park and it is not difficult to spot them during excursions. Among the most common mammal species is the wolf. It is estimated that there are around eight hundred specimens at this time and the park has become an advocate of an ongoing project aimed at mitigating the problems associated with the difficult coexistence of aviculture with the presence of the wolf.