Dog breeds: Boston Terrier

Dog breeds: Boston Terrier

Origin, classification and history

Origin: USA.
F.C.I classification: Group 3 - terriers.

The city of Boston is the home of the Boston Terrier, an entirely American breed that saw its definition around 1865. According to tradition, the breed has in the famous Judge owned by Mr. Richard C. Hooper its progenitor. This dog, born from a mating between an English bulldog and an English terrier (an ancient breed that has long since disappeared), was of large stature and weighed around 32 pounds, was of a dark brindle and with a white stripe on the muzzle. Judge was paired with Edward Brunet's white female Gyp, who weighed a little less than he, looked like a bulldog, was small in size and had a square head. Many doubts remain about the origins of these Boston Terrier ancestors and one is inclined to think rather of crosses between dogs of not pure breed or of mating occurred between English bulldogs, English terriers and French bouledogue, breeds however that in 1865 little resembled those that we know today. In 1891 forty breeders around Boston gathered in the American Bull Terrier Club and applied for recognition to the American Kennel Club. The other American bull terrier clubs objected and then James Watson, a well-known writer, suggested that the club be named after the Boston Terrier. that the type of dog bred was not a bull terrier, but a new breed, bred only by people residing around Boston. The club changed its name and in 1893 the Boston Terrier club was recognized by the American Kennel Club. The standard was drawn up, not far from the current one, but not yet attentive to the definition of the color, which was pointed out only towards the 1920s. The Boston Terrier it is a breed so loved in America that it was proclaimed in 1979 by the state's official dog government of Mass.

General aspect

The general aspect of the Boston Terrier is that of a lively, very intelligent dog, with a smooth coat, short head, compact structure, short tail, well proportioned. It has a medium size, piebald coat and is uniformly spotted with white. The head must be proportionate to the size of the dog. The trunk is rather short and well structured; robust and properly flexed limbs; the short tail. None of the various regions should be predominant to the point of altering physical balance. The general impression must be that of a determined, strong and active dog with a lot of style; the habit is elegant and loose. One of the most important elements in the evaluation is the correct combination of color and ideal spots; a person who has a preponderance of white on the body or who does not have the correct proportion of brindle and white on the head must counterbalance these shortcomings with other merits. Another important characteristic of the breed is the expression from the Boston Terrier, which indicates a high degree of intelligence. Color and spots and expression must be taken into particular consideration when determining the relative value of the other factors with respect to the general appearance.


He is a nice companion, always very attentive and alert, with great vivacity and intelligence and a confident and resolute temperament. An ideal dog, therefore, for those who live in the apartment, but also for those who live in the countryside and want to have an elegant dog close by and who, given that his coat is short and smooth, does not give problems for his grooming and - which he also has its importance - leaves no hair lying around.

Boston Terrier (photo website)

Boston Terrier (photo website)


Height: from 38 to 43 cm.
Weight: not more than 11.25 kg, divided into the following classes: light, under 6.75 kg; medium, between 6.75 and 9 kg; heavy, over 9 kg and no more than 11.25 kg.

Deep and wide chest; slanted shoulders; short back; deep and well arched ribs, well prolonged towards the kidneys; short, muscular kidneys; rump slightly steep until the tail ends; hips slightly retracted. The trunk must have a short but not coarse appearance.
Trunk defects - Flat sides; tight chest; long or weak kidneys; back arched or insellato; belly too far back.
Head and muzzle: squared skull, flat at the top, without wrinkles; flat cheeks; abrupt superciliary arches; stop well defined. The eyes are well spaced, large and round, dark in color, with a cute but good and intelligent expression; they must be cut straight in the skull, with the external corners aligned with the cheeks, they look straight ahead. The muzzle is short, square, broad and deep, proportionate to the skull; no wrinkles; less long than wide and deep; its length must not be greater than about a third of that of the skull; its width and depth remain so until the end; the muzzle, from the stop to the tip of the nose, runs along a line parallel to the upper one of the skull; black and wide truffle, with a well-defined line between the nostrils. Wide and square jaws, with short and regular teeth; have the same length or the lower one is slightly longer to square the muzzle. The lips go down well without being sagging and perfectly cover the teeth when the mouth is closed. The ears are carried erect, severed to conform to the shape of the head or left natural, attached as close as possible to the corners of the skull.
Head defects - Skull rounded or inclined; furrowed by a midline; skull too long compared to the width or vice versa; stop too flat; superciliary arches and skull too inclined. Small or sunken eyes; too prominent; light in color or suffering from too white or conjunctiva glaucoma visible. Muzzle wedge-shaped or too shallow; descending nasal bridge; too deep under the eyes; narrow or too wide nostrils; butterfly nose; protruding teeth; lower jaw weak or too short; wrinkles. Ears badly worn or out of proportion to the head.
Neck: of good length, slightly arched, elegantly wears the head and is well joined to the shoulders.
Neck defects - Big and heavy; thin and hollow; dewlap.
Front limbs: moderately spaced and aligned with the tip of the shoulders; they have straight bones and good musculature; short and strong pastures; elbows never deflected either inwards or outwards.
Trunk: deep and wide chest; slanted shoulders; short back; deep and well arched ribs, well prolonged towards the kidneys; short, muscular kidneys; rump slightly steep until the tail ends; hips slightly retracted. The trunk must have a short but not coarse appearance.
Trunk defects - Flat sides; tight chest; long or weak kidneys; back arched or insellato; belly too far back.
Hindquarters: solid yes to fat; short from hock to foot; hocks not deviated either inwards or outwards; strong and muscular thighs.
Feet: round, small and compact, not deviated either inwards or outwards; well arched fingers.
Limb defects - Weak shoulders or elbows; hind limbs too straight to the fat; hocks too prominent; long or weak pastures; flat feet.
Tail: attached low, short, fine and thinned towards the end; straight or turned; free of fringes or rough hair; never carried above the horizontal line.
Tail defects - Long or cheerfully worn; deformed or curled against the body. (Note: the ideal length must not exceed half the distance from the attachment to the hock).
Ideal color: brindle with white spots. The brindle must be well distributed and defined. White and black spots are allowed, but brindle with white spots is preferred.
Ideal spots - White muzzle, homogeneous white spot on head, neck, chest, front limbs (in part or totally), hind limbs under the hock. Color defects and spots - All white; absence of white spots; preponderance of white on the body; lack of proportion between brindle and white on the head; any variant that involves a modification of the general appearance.
Coat: short, smooth, shiny, fine coat.
Coat defects - Long or rough; not shiny.
Pace: straight and safe. The front and rear limbs move well aligned and with a perfect rhythm, giving an impression of strength and elegance.
Gait defects - Landatura must not have any trace of rolling or jumping or swaying. Cross movements, both front and rear, are a serious defect.
Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Boston Terrier - Top 10 Facts The American Gentleman (September 2021).