Breeds of dogs: Bernese Mountain Dog

Breeds of dogs: Bernese Mountain Dog

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Switzerland.
F.C.I .: Group 2 - pinscher schnauzer, molossoid and swiss cattle dogs.

Bernese Mountain Dogs are also called "Sennenhunde". The origins are very ancient. Many authors support the theory that the "Bernese" is of autochthonous origin. Another theory exposes the fact that the ancestor of the Bovaro was introduced by the legions of ancient Rome, in Switzerland, being this one of the many Roman imperial colonies. It has been used for centuries as a herd, farmer and work dog, in fact there are still those who call it by its old name: Vaccaro or Stable dog. In recent centuries, this breed has seriously risked extinction, due to various crossbreeds with local breeds. It was the breeder Schertenleib who managed to find the last remaining subjects and to reconstruct the breed, with a careful selection. Now the breed is widespread in its country and fairly well known throughout Europe.

General aspect

Large dog, mesomorphic mesocephalic. Morphologically classified as Molosso-Lupoide. It is a dog of great strength. Very resistant. Very well proportioned, harmonious. His limbs are straight and vigorous. Its construction is solid and very robust. Its relationships are very proportionate.


Exemplary. It can be defined as a triple-aptitude breed, since it has assumed the role of guard dog, defense dog and companion dog. This is a type of dog that is very fond of a particular person, and recognizes it as a point of reference for life. It is a particularly attractive breed both in appearance and temperament. Faithful companion of adventures. Discreet shepherd dog. Safe, friendly. Never aggressive.

Bernese Mountain Dog (photo

Bernese Mountain Dog (photo

Bernese Mountain Dog puppy (photo


- males from 64 to 70 cm at the withers. Ideal height 66-68 cm.
- females from 58 to 66 cm at the withers. Ideal height 60-63 cm.
Weight: from 40 to 48 kg.

Trunk: short. Ratio with height at the withers: body length approx. 9:10. chest well open, going down, to the minimum, up to the elbow. Coasts well circled. Muscular kidneys. Solid back, straight. Slightly rounded, broad, strong, muscular croup.
Head and muzzle: strong, flat skull with little evident frontal furrow. Stop well marked but not too pronounced. The muzzle is strong and straight. Little pronounced lips.
Truffle: black, voluminous.
Teeth: complete, strongly developed and well closed. Shears, 42 teeth.
Neck: strong, muscular of medium length.
Ears: medium, attached high, triangular, hanging at rest.
Eyes: dark brown, almond-shaped with well-fitting eyelids.
Limbs: flat and well muscled joints. Metacarpals slightly inclined. The limbs are straight seen from any point, parallel seen from the front. The hind legs have fairly long thighs and are inclined to the leg. The leg joint is well inclined, wide and strong. The spurs must be removed. The feet are short, rounded with closed toes.
Pace: elastic and elongated, regular in any case.
Shoulder: long, strong and oblique, forming an angle widely open towards the back.
Musculature: very well developed; more developed in the hind limbs than in all other parts of the body.
Tail: descending to the tarsus, then slightly raised. Well stocked with fur.
Hair: fine, smooth, long, abundant, slightly wavy, but not curled.
Allowed colors: intense black to the skin, with clean red brown spots on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the 4 limbs and on the chest. White list from skull to muzzle. White breast preferably in the shape of a cross. Four white feet.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, colors of the coat not allowed, incorrect movement, size outside the standard, lack of premolars, aggressive character, shy character, elongated trunk, twisted tail, non-flat skull, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, curled hair.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

The Bernese Mountain Dog
Sylvie Renaud - De Vecchi Edizioni

Affectionate, very playful and protective of children, for this reason it is also called babysitter dog ... Buy online

Video: Life with a Bernese mountain dog! Part Two (September 2021).