Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 7 - standing dogs.
The Hungarian short-haired Bracco (Rövidszörü Magyar Vizsla) remotely resembles the "German short-haired Pointing Dog", the latter also called "Kurzhaar", but with a much lighter constitution. It is called by the Hungarians "Vizsla". Its origins are not very documented. It is known for certain that they are very ancient and refer to the dogs that accompanied, in migrations to the west, the Indo-European peoples who were located in the Danubian regions. These dogs were used for hunting and if necessary for the management of flocks and herds. Its progenitor was in fact a short-haired Hound, the "Hound of Pannonia", from which he inherited some typical somatic characteristics, such as the long ear, the color of the coat, and also the "Turkish yellow dog" had its role in creating this breed. The first subjects with the current conformation appeared at the beginning of the 18th century. It is a very common breed in Hungary. Also widely known in the United States, where it was introduced in the early 1900s. In 1960 the American Kennel Club recognized the breed. It is quite widespread in Italy, where it was introduced by Jolanda di Savoia, who was a passionate dog lover.
Medium-sized dog, morphologically classified as a Braccoid type. Elegant, short-haired dog. It has a rather light constitution, which perfectly harmonizes strength and beauty. It is built very well and very well proportionally structurally speaking. It has a dry but well developed and evident musculature. It has a good bone structure with respect to its size. It is tonic and dynamic. In his work he alternates between galloping trot, proving to be quite fast.
Very balanced, intelligent, calm dog. It is sweet and jovial. He has a good learning ability. It is very fast in movement and running, however less fast than the "Kurzhaar". Suitable for all hunts and all kinds of terrain. This adaptability is largely due to the success of the breed among hunters. He is a perfect continental set dog. It has a great sense of smell. It also proves to be an excellent scorer. It does very well in field tests. He can also be affectionate and attached to his master, proving to be a discreet companion.
Hungarian Bracco - Vizla (photo http://users.chariot.net.au/~nzarra/)
Hungarian Bracco - Vizla (photo www.magyar-vizsla.lu)
- males from 56 cm to 61 cm
- females from 52 cm to 57 cm.
A tolerance of 4 cm more or less is allowed, provided that the whole remains harmonious. The static and dynamic balance and the harmony of the shapes are much more important than the measures expressed in cm.
Weight: varies from 22 to 30 kg.
Trunk: powerful, proportionate, a little longer than in the divisible spokes in a square. The withers are accentuated and muscular. The back is short, straight; supported kidneys; the upper line is rounded slightly until the tail is hanging. The thorax is moderately wide, well descended to the elbow. The ribs are moderately arched; muscular shoulders, free in movement; oblique shoulder blades.
Head and muzzle: dry, proportionate, noble. The skull is moderately broad, slightly convex. The median sulcus is light and extends from the moderately developed occipital bone to the forehead. The stop is moderate. The nasal bridge is always straight. The muzzle is not elongated, but it is wide. The lower jaw is well developed and muscular. The lips are well adherent to the dentition, never hanging.
Truffle: it is well developed, with nostrils as open as possible.
Teeth: white, complete in development and number.
Neck: medium length, muscular, slightly turned, without dewlap, inserted in the trunk at an average height.
Ears: of medium length, they are attached slightly backward and at a cupboard height, they are brought flat against the cheeks; they cover the opening of the ear canal well and have the shape of a rounded V.
Eyes: they have a slightly oval shape and a lively and intelligent expression. The eyelids are tight. The color of the eyes harmonizes with that of the coat; darker tone is preferred.
Limbs: straight forelegs and have strong bones. The elbows are close to the trunk. The hind limbs are very muscular, moderately angled. The hocks are a bit low. The fingers are strong, closed and well arched. The foot is slightly oval. The nails are strong, the elastic and hard plantar pads.
Pace: vigorous, harmonious, wide. On the flat, the characteristic pace is the gallop, sustained and balanced.
Musculature: dry, but well developed in all parts of the animal's body.
Tail: attached a little low; on average large, it is thinning towards the end which is slightly curved upwards, it forms one with the body for three quarters of its length, therefore sometimes a quarter is surgically removed. If the tail is beautiful, well made and carried horizontally, the caudectomy is not carried out.
Skin: tight, without wrinkles or folds; pigmented; flesh-colored truffle; lips, eyelids and brown nails; slate gray plantar cushions.
Hair: it is close to the body, short, straight, rough. The belly has little fur. The hair on the ears is a little shorter and more silky. The hair of the tail is longer.
Allowed colors: reddish sand. The small white spots on the breastplate and feet, the dotted traces, are not considered defects.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, lack of premolars, non-standard sizes, coat colors not allowed, shy or aggressive character, hanging lips, detached skin on the head, small eyes, light eye, flattened or arched withers, not quite descended chest, flat ribs, little thick hair, entropion, ectropion, very arched nasal bridge, montonina nasal bridge, incorrect movements, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it