Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid type dogs and Swiss cattle dogs.
The Broholmer is a rather ancient breed. It comes from the Molossians bred and selected since the Middle Ages. At that time the breed was mainly used in hunting wild deer. Years later, he discovered his excellent qualities as a guard dog and began to use it for the defense of property, castles and possessions. The breed, in the eighteenth century was bred and carefully selected by the Sehested Count of Broholm, from which it took its current name. The Count managed to gradually increase the number of specimens. After the second great world war, the breed was practically extinct, only a few subjects survived which, towards 1975, a group of enthusiasts managed to reproduce and bring the breed back to a satisfactory number of specimens. At the beginning of the twentieth century he was known, outside his homeland with the name of "Dansk Hund", or "Danish dog". The breed was recognized by the International Federation only in the year 1982. It is currently little known outside Denmark.
Large dog, quite heavy, Dogo type, rectangular. Its appearance is dominated in a characteristic way by its powerful front. It has a large and wide head, a heavy neck and a broad chest. It has a little loose skin. At rest the head is carried very low, inclined towards the ground and the falling saber-shaped tail. When the dog is in action the posture changes, the tail is raised and the head is carried high. The movement of the animal is vigorous and regular.
It is a breed with a rather balanced character. It is very calm and steady. He is a quiet and at the same time vigilant dog. Always friendly with the people he knows. He must always prove himself confident. Suitable for being together with the family, if used properly. He loves to know new areas and be taken for a walk. Good watchdog. Excellent companion.
Broholmer (photo www.letocar.com)
Broholmer (photo www.longlivepuppies.com)
Broholmer (photo Pleple2000)
- males 75 cm
- females 70 cm
- males about 50-70 kg
- females about 40-60 kg.
Trunk: straight backbone. Strong and well marked withers. very long back. Powerful and well-descended chest, with highly developed harnesses. Croup of medium length, slightly inclined.
Head and muzzle: relatively large and wide. The upper line of the skull is located on a slightly higher plane than the upper line of the muzzle, but parallel. The skull is very large and powerful. The muzzle is relatively short and thick, with hanging lips. The lower and upper jaws are of equal length. The jaws have strong muscles and the skin of the throat is detached. Stop not too marked.
Truffle: voluminous and always black.
Teeth: regularly aligned, complete in number and development. Closing both scissor and pincer.
Neck: very strong and powerful, slightly arched.
Ears: small and attached rather high.
Eyes: they are round and not too small, with intelligent expression. Their color varies from dark brown to dark amber.
Skin: well pigmented and thick, generally broad especially on the neck.
Limbs: strong and powerful forelegs, with very muscular arm. Seen in profile, they must be straight. The hindquarters are well angled and muscular. The feet must be strong, closed and compact.
Shoulder: well inclined.
Pace: regular, head down. The natural gaits are the trot and the step.
Musculature: rather developed in all parts of the body.
Tail: large at the root and medium length. The hair must not form a brush on the lower part.
Hair: short and thick. Undercoat often.
Allowed colors: fawn with black, golden-red, black mask.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, lack of teeth, deviation of the jaw, ears too long, pointed muzzle, long neck, convergence, tail carried too high, long hair, fierce and aggressive character, shy character, defective rear end, incorrect movement, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it