Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.
The origins of the Karelian Bear Dog are very ancient, it has been used for a very long time in the areas of Lake Pagoda, Olonets and the Russian Camellia, from which it takes its name, for the most varied forms of hunting. The specialization of this breed is bear and moose hunting. The actual breeding of this breed began in 1936. an attempt was made to create a dog with great endurance qualities, robust and above all capable of being an excellent dog for hunting large game. The first breed standard was drawn up in the year 1945. The breed is now widespread in its native country.
Medium sized dog and size. It has a strong, robust and solid construction. In its appearance it is slightly longer than tall. The dog has a thick coat, which developed to protect the animal from the harsh climate. His ears are worn straight. The length of its trunk slightly exceeds the measurement of the height at the withers. The height of the body measures about half the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle with respect to the skull is in a 2: 3 ratio. The length of the skull is approximately equal to the width and height.
His temperament is balanced in nature. It is sometimes a little reserved and independent. It is undoubtedly a self-confident race. He has a highly developed fighting instinct as the breed has always been selected to hunt large wild animals. He never proves aggressive towards people, even if he considers them foreign. He can only be aggressive towards his fellow men. the breed actively cooperates in hunting. It has an extremely developed sense of smell and the other senses are also discreet. The sense of orientation is extremely high.
Karelian Bear Dog - Karjalankarhukoira (photo http://pikimusta.webpark.cz)
Karelian Bear Dog - Karjalankarhukoira (photo www.chovpsu.cz)
- males about 57 cm
- females about 52 cm
There is an additional 3 cm tolerance for excellent subjects.
- males from 25 to 28 kg
- females from 17 to 20 kg
Trunk: clearly pronounced withers, especially in males. Large, strong and slightly oblique croup. The back is straight and muscular. The chest is spacious, not very wide, rather deep, descended approximately to the level of the elbows. Slightly belted ribs, bib clearly visible without being too wide. Lower line slightly retracted.
Head and muzzle: the head is triangular when viewed from the front. The skull is broad, seen from the front and in profile, it is slightly convex. Wider between the ears. Frontal sulcus barely visible. Weakly developed eyebrow arches. The not really marked stop, long, forms a progressive curve in the direction of the skull. The nasal bridge is straight. The muzzle is high, it just points towards the truffle. The lips are relatively thin and well adjusted. Cheeks with strong cheekbones.
Truffle: large and black in color.
Teeth: very strong jaws. Well developed, symmetrical teeth with normal teeth and narrow scissor articulation.
Neck: muscular, of medium length, slightly curved and covered with thick hair. Fanoni absent.
Ears: straight, relatively high attachment, of medium length, with slightly rounded ends.
Eyes: relatively small, slightly oval, brown in various shades, never yellow. Cute and ardent expression.
Skin: well applied on the whole body, without folds.
Limbs: strong forelegs, with solid bone structure. Arm slightly slanted, strong. Strong forearm, vertical. Metacarpus of medium length, slightly inclined. Feet with toes tightened, well arched, rounded and turned straight forward. elastic pads, side faces covered with thick fur. Strong and muscular hindquarters. The thigh is wide and long, with good musculature. Grassella facing straight forward, moderately angled. Low hock. Long and muscular leg. Short, strong and vertical metatarsal.
Shoulder: relatively oblique, muscular.
Pace: easy and loose, with wide strides. The dog easily goes from a trot to a gallop, which is his favorite gait. The limbs move on parallel planes.
Musculature: well developed and evident.
Tail: attached high, of medium length, arched over the back, it can touch both the back and the sides. Short tail of nature allowed.
Hair: smooth and sparse coat; longer on the neck, back and rear faces of the thighs. Thick and dense undercoat.
Allowed colors: black, can tend to brownish. Most of the subjects have well-defined white spots on the head, neck, chest, abdomen and limbs.
Most common defects: fragile bone, narrow skull, yellow eye, vairone eye, pointy muzzle, soft ears, bat ears, presence of baleen, too low chest or tonneau, straight tail, straight shoulder, straight hocks, flat feet, spurs in the hind limbs, hair wavy, predominant white color, colors not allowed, wolf hair, non-standard measures, prognathism, enognatism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect movement, aggression towards humans.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it