Dog breeds: Kraski Ovcar - Karst Sheepdog

Dog breeds: Kraski Ovcar - Karst Sheepdog

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Slovenia (ex-Yugoslavia).
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.

The Kraski Ovcar (Karst shepherd dog) has the same origins as the "Shepherd dog of Ciarplanina". The breeds have diversified due to crosses made centuries ago. Subsequently, some typical characteristics were established, for which today's breed was formed in its own right. It is a breed that is scarcely widespread even in the same homeland of origin. It is very difficult to admire in other European countries. The breed has very few breeders.

General aspect

Medium-sized dog, of powerful construction, with ears hanging down the head. Hanging tail, iron gray color, curly and thick coat. Generally its construction is decidedly robust, harmonious, with well-developed musculature. Very well proportioned build and harmonious overall.


Characteristically very similar to the "Shepherd dog of Ciarplanina". Of somewhat calm temperament. For centuries it fought the wolf, so a formidable courage remained imprinted in its genome. Become aggressive if strangers enter his property. It is rare to have relationships with people he doesn't know. It adapts very well to the family environment and is very affectionate. Dog that does not require specific grooming, it is more than enough to keep the hair periodically clean. He is a good shepherd dog. It proves very faithful. Also suitable for the company.

Kraski Ovcar - Karst shepherd dog (photo

Kraski Ovcar - Karst shepherd dog (photo

Kraski Ovcar - Karst shepherd dog (photo


- males between 55 and 60 cm
- females between 52 and 56 cm.
A tolerance of 2 cm is allowed, but is judged negatively.
- males between 30 and 40 kg
- females between 25 and 35 kg.

Trunk: medium length, must reach 10% more than the height at the withers. The trunk of the female can be a little longer.
Head and muzzle: noble head with long profile. The axis of the skull is slightly convergent with the nasal back. Wide between the ears. The length of the head is proportionate to the size. The skull is a little longer than the muzzle. The forehead is relatively wide, dry and muscular. The stop is not marked. Muzzle of medium length, wide and deep at the base. Wide nasal bridge. Fleshy lips, medium thickness, close fitting, with black pigmented edges.
Truffle: well developed, large, black pigmented.
Teeth: it is very strong, complete, with a scissor bite. Canines are well developed.
Neck: upper line straight or slightly arched. Straight bottom line. About 25 cm long. Wide, muscular and oval in shape. The skin adheres tightly. The hair is thick, mane, forms a collar, which makes the neck appear shorter and still robust.
Ears: V-shaped; attached moderately high, hanging and close to the head. The front edge is folded outwards. In length they reach the inner corner of the eye.
Eyes: almond-shaped, slightly oblique, color ranging from brown to dark brown. The expression is open, calm, aware.
Limbs: straight front, symmetrical in relation to the trunk. Proportionally long, oblique humerus. Bachelor-humeral angle of about 90 degrees. Long forearm. Humero-radial angle not too open. Carpal joints are strong. Large carpus, of medium length. Strong and wide feet. Hindquarters with long and very muscular thighs. Medium length leg. Strong hocks. Metatarsal well developed and short. Spurs to be removed. Dark pigmented nails and pads.
Shoulder: medium length, broad, muscular, slightly oblique and harmoniously connected to the trunk.
Gait: has an elastic and wide stride. Preferred gait is the trot. Galloping, his pace is less harmonious.
Musculature: highly developed in the hind limbs.
Tail: saber-shaped. High hairline. Medium length, wide at the root. It goes up to the hock. Its hair is thick. The end is almost always slightly folded up.
Skin: medium thickness and dark pigmentation, adheres to the body; it is elastic and without folds. All visible mucous membranes are pigmented in black.
Hair: thick, long and straight. Thick undercoat. On the withers the hair length must be at least 10 cm.
Allowed colors: iron gray, and consequently dark, is preferred dark over the whole trunk. The head has a dark mask. White spots on the fingers are tolerated, but not welcome.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, slightly narrow head, light muzzle, very steep back line, pointed muzzle, lack of typicality, incomplete teeth, too short hair, depigmentation of the truffle, deficient height, rolled tail, wavy hair, light pigmented mucous membranes, too marked stop, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect movement, disproportion in the relationship between head and trunk, barrel chest, underdeveloped chest, limbs not straight.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

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