Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).
The origins of this breed roughly coincide with the other European long-haired shepherd dogs. Its formation and evolution took place on the French side of the Pyrenean mountain range, which, being a natural frontier, favored the differences that distinguish this breed from the others, such as the "Gos d’Atura" or the "Catalan Shepherd". The Pyrenean Shepherd was first studied by Doctor Dutrey du Rabastens in 1927, since then the breed has always been studied by modern dog lovers. This dog remained in a mountainous region and on rough terrain, he adapted with his reduced size to this environment. According to many scholars, the Pyrenean Shepherd and the "Catalan Shepherd" have the same ancestry. Currently the Pyrenean Shepherd is widespread throughout France and also in neighboring countries. There are two varieties of this breed: the "long-haired" variety and the "smooth-faced" variety.
(Berger des Pyrénées à poil long, Langhaariger Pyrenäen-Schäferhund, Long-haired Pyrenean Sheepdog, Perro pastor de los Pirineos de pelo largo).
Medium-small size dog. Dog that manifests a maximum of nerve impulse in a body at a minimum in size and weight. He always has an alert look, a sly and diffident air combined with a great liveliness of movement give this dog a very particular imprint, not comparable with any other breed. It is possible that from specimens with a normal muzzle, subjects with a shaved face may be born and vice versa. There is no bloodline made up of individuals who all belong to one variety.
As a true shepherd dog he is prepared to do complex work, which requires a good ability to deal with and solve difficult situations. It is a very cheerful and very nice dog both for its character aspect and for its aesthetics and its moderate size. Its size also favored tasks that would be impossible for other sheepdogs. He loves living in the open air and running in the pastures, but he also adapts very well to living at home or in an apartment with his family. However, he is a dog that requires daily outdoor movement. His most typical character characteristics are his innate vigilance, courage and his quick reflexes. A rustic dog must always remain. It is not a breed that needs a lot of care and attention regarding aesthetics, just keep the animal clean and brush it periodically.
Female long-haired Pyrenean Shepherd Dog (photo website)
Long-haired Pyrenean Shepherd dog (photo http://razas.perrosmania.com)
- males between 40 and 48 cm
- females between 38 and 46 cm
(a tolerance of 2 cm more is allowed only in subjects perfectly in type).
Trunk: the skeleton is dry. Spine long enough although supported. Short and slightly arched kidney. Croup rather short and quite oblique. Little descended side. Slightly rounded edges. Moderately developed chest.
Head and muzzle: medium-developed skull, almost flat with a barely indicated middle furrow, harmoniously rounds on the sides and has a slightly pronounced occipital crest. The front connects in gentle slope with the muzzle and the stop is not evident. The shape of the head as a whole is triangular. Muzzle straight and a little short, so that the skull predominates on the face.
Truffle: always black.
Teeth: strong teeth in proportion to the size of the dog. Scissor closure; the pincer is allowed.
Neck: rather long and quite muscular. Well sired from the shoulders.
Ears: rather short, moderately broad at the base and located not too close to each other at the top of the skull. Sometimes they are shortened.
Eyes: eyelids edged in black, whatever the color of the coat, which contain expressive eyes, well open and dark brown in color.
Limbs: front dry, nervous, fringed with hair, with well-pronounced wrist joint. In the hindquarters the thigh is well marked, but little descent. Dry hocks, attached at the bottom, well angled and sometimes a little closed. The angles are quite closed. Semi-long haired dogs have limbs without fringes. Feet dry and fairly flat, with an accentuated oval shape. The plant is dark, the small and hard nails are covered with hair that fits under the foot between the tubercles.
Shoulder: long enough, moderately oblique; the tip of the shoulder blade clearly surpasses the line of the back.
Pace: has a fairly reduced pace at the pace. The exchange cannot be penalized. His preferred gait is the trot, he must be frank and vigorous.
Tail: well fringed, not too long, attached rather low and forming a hook at its end. Many subjects have their tails cut off.
Skin: fine, often marbled by dark spots, whatever the color of the hair.
Hair: long or semi-long, but always thick and almost flat or slightly wavy, more abundant and more woolly on the rump and on the thighs, with a texture that lies between goat hair and sheep's wool.
Allowed colors: more or less dark fawn with or without a mixture of black fur and sometimes with a little white in the chest and legs, more or less light gray, often with white on the head, chest and legs. Harlequin of different shades. The black, black coats with white spots are not very common. Dark-colored cloaks are preferred.
Most common defects: color of the white coat, colors not allowed by the standard, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, prognathism, enognatism, not absolutely black truffle, square or rectangular muzzle, too long muzzle, ogival skull, convex forehead, head too short, size outside the limits, heavy dog, dog without vivacity, straight hocks, tail badly carried, shoulder too straight or too short, ears attached too low, fleshy feet, cat feet, bad gluing, square dog, incorrect gait, clear nails, light eyes.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it