Dog breeds: Scottish long-haired Shepherd dog

Dog breeds: Scottish long-haired Shepherd dog

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Great Britain (Scotland).
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).

The long-haired Scottish Shepherd Dog (Rough Collie) breed from ancient origins. It derives from an old indigenous breed from the north of the British island and from the herd dogs imported into Great Britain in the fifth century BC. by Romans. Even on this breed many hypotheses have been created on the possible crossbreeds that originated it. The introduction of the "Newfoundland", the "Borzoi" and the "Deerhound" has been thought of in the distant past. In the 13th century there was already a Scottish shepherd similar to him. The actual selection of the breed began in 1960. Many experts claim that this breed represents one of the oldest canids domesticated by man. Darwin claimed that the breed had not changed its aesthetic appearance over the centuries. The breed spread immediately outside of England. He was known all over the world thanks to the Hollywood film "Come home Lessie" in the 1940s.

General aspect

Medium sized dog. Due to its natural inclination to the function of shepherd dog, its structure must release strength and great agility. It must not show any trace of coarseness. It must immediately impress with its elegance and beauty. When stationary, he must present an impassive dignity. Each region of the body is proportionate as a whole.


It is good and balanced. His temper is now proverbial. He is a characterfully speaking dog, excellent. Sometimes he does not tolerate impertinence from children he does not know, but otherwise does not create any problem. He is also an excellent guard dog. Very intelligent, therefore very well trainable. His character is never nervous or deranged. The selection of the Collie is based not only on the aesthetic aspect, but also on the character level. He is always lively and attentive to everything around him. During the work he tries to give his best to help the master. It does not create any problem even if he lives at home. He becomes attached to a particular person who will become his sole master throughout his life.

Long-haired Scottish Shepherd Dog (photo by Luna Blue Breeding)

Long-haired Scottish Shepherd Dog (photo Sannse)

Long haired Scottish Shepherd dog (photo


- males between 56 and 61 cm
- females between 51 and 56 cm.
- males from 20.4 to 29.4 kg
- females from 18.1 to 24.9 kg.

Trunk: quite long in relation to the height. Firm back, slightly rising towards the kidneys, well-descended ribs, deep and rather broad chest behind the shoulders.
Head and muzzle: it must resemble a wedge, marked in shape and with rounded corners, the sides of which must converge progressively without breaking the attachment of the ears to the end of the truffle, without prominence of the masseter muscles and without pointed muzzle. The end of the muzzle must be clear and well rounded, beveled but not square.
Truffle: must be black, whatever the color of the coat.
Teeth: the teeth must be of good size. The lower incisors touch the internal surface of the upper incisors.
Neck: must be muscular, powerful, beautiful in length and well arched.
Ears: must be small, neither too close, nor placed too sideways. When the dog is at rest, the ears must usually be thrown backwards.
Eyes: medium size. A little slanted insertion. Almond shaped and dark brown in color. Intelligent expression.
Limbs: forelegs with good bone, perfectly straight, muscular and with elbows not too tight, nor low-cut. Hindquarters with muscular thighs, dry metatarsal and well-shaped fat. The hock is placed low enough and very powerful. Oval shaped feet with good soles. Curved and tight fingers. The hind feet are less arched than the front ones.
Shoulder: very oblique and well angled.
Pace: it is flexible. A rather long stride is preferable, which must be light and apparently effortless.
Musculature: fairly well developed and evident in the limbs.
Tail: must be long and the terminal bone of it must reach at least the hock joint. It must never exceed the line of the back in height.
Hair: must give harmony to the dog's shapes. Very dense, rough to the touch. Soft undercoat.
Allowed colors: sand, tricolor, blue-merle.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, weak and pointed muzzle, missing teeth, vaccine or slightly angled hocks, clear and / or round eyes, stocky body, long pastures, wide feet, short tail, nervousness, soft hair, insufficient undercoat, straight ears, bombé skull , very marked occiput, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect gait, arched forelegs.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

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