Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: RACE NOT RECOGNIZED
The Mannara Dog or Sicilian Shepherd Dog or Sicilian Sheepdog is a breed of Sicilian origin. An ancestor of the werewolf dog was present in Sicily since the Bronze Age, as evidenced by the discovery of bone finds in archaeological sites with a clear pastoral agricultural economy. Introduced by the Phoenicians in the 1st millennium BC during their frequent trade along the Mediterranean routes and a direct descendant of the Molosso d 'Epiro. Traces of its presence are found in the coins of the Mamertines of the fourth century BC. representing a mastiff-type dog placed to guard the temple of Adrano. It then suffered the influence of North African dogs of nomadic Berber shepherds, imported to Sicily perhaps already during the Carthaginian wars between the end of the fourth and the beginning of the third century BC. and then in 878 AD, during the Arab domination which has influenced Sicilian agriculture for more than two centuries.
The Open Supplementary Register for the werewolf has finally been activated. LEnci, with a letter dated 7 October u.s. has communicated to this Association important decision, taken after the favorable opinion of the Technical Commission of breeding of the Body (18.10.2014)
It is a medium-large size dog with a rustic appearance but never coarse, strongly built but always very well proportioned and never heavy; very marked sexual dimorphism; the general conformation is that of the mesomorph whose trunk is in the rectangle; harmonious with respect to the format and disharmonious with respect to the profiles; trunk longer than the height at the withers of about 10%, however, must not appear low on the limbs. It must give the impression of a great ease of movement. Its rusticity and the harmony of the whole must suggest a dog of ancient lineage.
Temperament, character and attitudes
Employed for guarding sheepfolds and flocks that he defends against predation by foxes and stray dogs as he once defended against attack by wolves. Dog docile towards familiar people. Safety towards the animals entrusted to it must be considered a distinctive sign of the breed. Not very demanding, adapted for centuries to a poor diet based on stale bread and milk processing waste.
Very close to man, reserved but not independent, wary of strangers he constantly keeps an eye on, turning around them with an unnerving threatening action. At night, especially if in packs, it becomes dangerous for intruders who should approach the fold or property. It has all the social behaviors of the species in an unaltered form.
Mannara dog (photo www.canedimannara.org)
Mannara dog (photo www.canedimannara.org)
Provisional standard of the Mannara Dog
Written by the Association for the protection of the Mannara dog - SAMANNARA
Origin and history: an ancestor of the werewolf dog was present in Sicily since the Bronze Age, as evidenced by the discovery of bone finds in archaeological sites with a clear pastoral agricultural economy. and then in 878 AD, during the Arab domination which has influenced Sicilian agriculture for more than two centuries.
use: It is not a shepherd dog in the strict sense since, in addition to following the sheep in the pasture, it has also always been used as a guard dog to the outbuildings of the sheepfold and to the farm. It would therefore be placed in the FCI classification at the 2nd group among the dogs of the mountain dog type.
General aspect: The Cane di Mannara is a medium-large dog of rustic appearance but never coarse, strongly built but always very well proportioned and never heavy; very marked sexual dimorphism; the general conformation is that of the mesomorph whose trunk is in the rectangle; harmonious with respect to the format and disharmonious with respect to the profiles; trunk longer than the height at the withers of about 10%, however, must not appear low on the limbs. Its rusticity and the harmony of the whole must suggest a dog of ancient lineage.
Temperament, character and attitudes: Employed for guarding sheepfolds and flocks which he defends against predation by foxes and stray dogs as he once defended against attack by wolves. It has all the social behaviors of the species in an unaltered form.
The length of the head must not exceed 3.6 / 10 of the height at the withers
The width of the skull is equal to its length
The length of the muzzle is equal to 45% of the total length of the head
The height of the side is equal to 50% of the height at the withers
The length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock is about 10% greater than the height at the withers.
The thoracic perimeter reaches at least 135% of the height at the withers
head moderately massive, broad, truncated cone, slightly divergent craniofacial axes; cephalic index not less than 53, skin adhering to the underlying tissues, smooth and taut.
Skull wide, its length is equal to 55% of the total length of the head and its width is almost equal to the length; frontal sinuses sufficiently developed but not so high as to make abrupt the frontal nose jump which is however evident, pronounced mid-frontal sulcus, occipital crest not very evident; wide muzzle, its lateral faces are only very slightly convergent, full, about 45% of the total length of the head; dry and stretched lips; in the male the muzzle is fuller but the lips are never hanging, visible lip joint.
Truffle voluminous, seen in profile must not protrude beyond the front face of the muzzle, jaw and jaw well developed; correct and complete teeth, pincer or scissor bite.
Eyes relatively small in relation to the size of the head and skull, not protruding or sunken; sub frontal position; the color of the iris varies between honey and dark brown; tightly fitting eyelids.
Ears not large in relation to the size of the skull, inserted higher than the zygomatic arch, carried at rest and for a third half-erect in attention, must not resemble the ears of a collie; they can be amputated very short by shepherds according to tradition and functional necessity. If not amputated, the shape is triangular with a blunt apex.
Neck at least 85% long of the length of the head, wide and well connected at the shoulders, with moderately arched upper profile, abundant hair; mane and collar present mainly in the adult male; present the dewlap, always well divided.
Trunk in the strongly constructed rectangle, broad and muscular back, solid and rectilinear dorsal line, without depressions, strong lumbar region and well connected with the croup; due to the obtuseness of the corners of the rear, one may have the impression that the back line rises slightly towards the rump which must be rather broad and muscular, of the right length, not inclined; thorax well circled and well developed in three dimensions; wide and prominent chest; long and well sloping ribs; belly normally retracted.
Tail inserted on the extension of the line of the back, large, long, rich in thick hair; leaning at rest, she is carried high, to scimitar, when the dog is attentive. Its bearing and insertion are a distinctive sign of the breed.
Front limbs with strong bone structure; well spaced apart from each other given the width of the chest; relatively long shoulder with good inclination; arm about as long as the shoulder; humeral bachelor angle slightly open, elbows well adherent to the trunk not rotating either inside or outside; forearm of the same arm length, straight and strong; carpus in continuation of the vertical line of the forearm; not long and slightly flexed metacarpal; round and compact foot with strong and thick pads.
Hindquarters strong and muscular with moderate angles hock strong and thick; robust, dry metatarsal; the presence of spurs, simple or double is not to be penalized; foot like the front but slightly oval.
The typical movement of the Mannara dog is the loose, elastic and relatively fast trot with speed shots. Good jumper.
Skin rather thick, always well adherent to the body except the throat where it forms a well divided dewlap.
Pelo semi-long covering, thick and compact, it must not show the skin, the presence of undercoat, it is short on the muzzle and front edges of the limbs, relatively long on the ears; it is never completely straight, it always has a slight undulation but it can also be very wavy, or in large curls, strong but not excessively hard; on the tail it is thick and rich and, at times, it can form a slight fringe at its lower edge; present, especially in the adult male, the mane and the collar.
Manti allowed are: fawn in all its shades from mahogany to cream, black, flea (light liver) with white distribution more or less extended to form pieces or the so-called "nun" distribution (extensive white spots on the throat, chest, neck socks and tip of the tail), brindle associated with the aforementioned colors, black and tan with distribution of the typical tan and black coatings without or with the presence of white (tricolor).
Cut at the withers:
-Male minimum 65 cm
- Females minimum 59 cm
Larger sizes are allowed only if the dog maintains agility and harmony without heaviness.
This provisional standard is an indispensable premise for the creation and installation, at SAMANNARA's initiative, of an open genealogical book in which to register as progenitors all the subjects that will be considered as a whole satisfying the morphological type described and suitable to be used for the selection breeding to fix the breed.
Therefore, here, SAMANNARA limits itself to indicating, as elements that do not allow the admission of an overall respondent to the type to the establishment of an open genealogical book, only the following defects:
- monorchidism or cryptorchidism
- cowardice or extreme aggression,
- the short-haired coat,
- the solid white coat.