Breeds of dogs: Pug

Breeds of dogs: Pug

Origin, classification and history

Origin: England.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.

The real name of the Carlino is "Pug", in England, or even "Mops", in Germany, which means "muzzle" in Italian. It is a breed with an aesthetic appearance and a rather singular history. Even for this breed, opinions on the origin diverge. It would seem, however, even if aesthetically it is incredible, that the Carlino has the same origins as the "Mastiff". In fact, both come from the same Asian stock. Seeing them now seems impossible, but the reality is this. Some experts identify it as a native of the Netherlands, in fact it is still called the Dutch Mastiff in some countries; but it is an undocumented theory. Probably some Dutch navigators imported it to Europe from China or Japan, as most writers claim. This theory seems reliable, confirmed by hundreds of ancient representations on oriental ceramics, vases and paintings. It is in England and France that the Pug found its notoriety among the courts of nobles and rulers, so much so that it was classified as a breed selected by the British.

General aspect

Small dog, mesomorphic brachycephalic. Its appearance is very nice and expressive in the head. Built in the square. Solid in structure. Very compact with musculature developed in relation to size.


Very affectionate and intelligent breed. Without a doubt, the breed is advisable to be with children. Some writers have called him the "toy dog", given his size and temperament. Very affectionate and expressive. He loves to sleep for hours and hours. It is also the most recommended dog for those who love to travel. It never gives problems of any kind if kept together with the family full time. It is a fascinating breed for its particular morphology and poignant character.

Caterina, female from Carlino (photo Ermanno Salvaterra

Caterina, female from Carlino (photo Ermanno Salvaterra


Weight: must not exceed 7-8 kg

Trunk: very short. Building in the square. It has a large, well-descended chest.
Head and muzzle: broad, massive and rounded in shape. The muzzle is particularly short and square. It has large and deep wrinkles.
Truffle: large and black in color.
Teeth: regularly aligned and complete in number and development.
Ears: small, soft. Bring in the shape of a rose or button.
Limbs: both hindquarters and forelegs must be in perpendicular position with a good bone structure, well proportioned to the size. Placed well below the body.
Shoulder: of the right length and position.
Musculature: fairly developed and evident, especially in the hind limb.
Upper line: straight and solid.
Tail: it is an aspect that contributes a lot to distinguish the breed. It must be carried rolled up on the rump.
Hair: of equal length throughout the body; fine, smooth and shiny. It absolutely must not be hard.
Allowed colors: the fawn (also called light apricot) with black mask and uniform black.
Most common defects: non-standard sizes, light eye, badly worn tail, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, light bone structure, slender subject, short or too long limbs, elongated trunk.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

My Pug
Educate it, train it, cure it, love it
Maria Luisa Simone - De Vecchi Edizioni - September 2008

Small, funny and stocky, the pug has a certain charm. Cheerful and funny, sweet and funny, he is truly happy only when he manages to be next to his master. This reveals its psychology, its history and its origins.
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Video: Pug Dog. Pug Dog Breed Information (September 2021).