Breeds of dogs: Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel

Breeds of dogs: Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Portugal
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.
Based on the provisions of the FCI General Assembly of 21-22 May 2007, starting from 1 January 2008, the Cao Fila de SaoMiguel breed (No. 340) has moved from Group 1 to Group 2.

The Cão de Fila de São Miguel (Portuguese row) originates from the Azores islands. Completely distinct from the "Fila de la Terceira". While the latter is completely extinct, Sao Miguel still survives, it is the result of a recovery of a Molossian descendant from that. This breed, which has been trying for years to save and bring a satisfactory number of specimens, has fairly well defined characteristics. It is probable that the breed, thanks to the studies of the dog expert Antonio Josè Amaral, will be officially recognized by the Clube Portugues de Canicultura. The existence of this type of dog has been demonstrated since the 16th century. From the eighteenth century there are references, both in the Portuguese works and in those written by foreign travelers who visited the island. There are also documents of those times, which state that there were Fila-type dogs attacking defenseless passers-by. From these documents it is assumed that the Fila were widespread.

General aspect

Although we do not have a standard, we know the basic characteristics of this breed well enough. It has a rather short neck, very robust, as well as the head. Its jaws are powerful. Despite being smaller than the "Cane di Castro Laboreiro", it is undoubtedly superior to it due to the strength of the jaws and the grip. The most common color is beige in its various shades, up to the brindle reddish. It seems that white is the only color to be excluded for the breed. Great muscle tone dog.


He has the character of a very aggressive dog. It has quicker reflexes than other recognized Portuguese dogs. It has its greater agility is due to a lighter structure than the others. Excellent defense dog. Strong and determined.

Cão de Fila de São Miguel

Cão de Fila de São Miguel


- male males between 50 and 60 cm
- females between 48 and 58 cm.

Trunk: strong and well proportioned trunk.
Head and muzzle: strong, square in shape, with parallel skull-facial axes.
Truffle: large and dark.
Teeth: complete in number and also in development.
Neck: strong and muscular.
Ears: have higher attachment than the average; if not cut they are medium in size, triangular in shape and drooping without being close to the cheek. They are usually cut round.
Eyes: oval, expressive, slightly sunken, horizontally placed, medium size. The color is dark brown.
Limbs: well upright, straight, with good bone and musculature.
Shoulder: oblique and muscular.
Pace: loose and easy.
Musculature: rather developed.
Tail: attached high, thick, of medium length and slightly curved. It is usually cut at the height of the second or third vertebra or is short in nature.
Skin: fairly well fitting to the body in all its parts.
Hair: short, smooth, dense, rough texture.
Allowed colors: fawn, carbonated sand, yellow in all its shades, from light to fawn; always streaked. It may have a white spot on the forehead and from the chin to the bib; there may be white spots on the front feet, the rear feet or on all four.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect movement, defective rear end, deviated jaw, aggressive or fearful character, shy attitude, colors not allowed by the standard, non-standard sizes.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Sisu pitää karjan loitolla Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel. Azores cattle dog (September 2021).