Dog breeds: Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Dog breeds: Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Origin, classification and history

Origin: USA.
F.C.I classification: Group 8 - retrieving dogs, hunting dogs, water dogs.

Chesapeake Bay Retriever has been selected in North America. It has the same origins as the "Flat-coated" and the "Curly-coated", the first with smooth hair and the second with curly hair. The current breed derives from a cross between two "Newfoundlands", a light red male and a black female, who mated with local "Retrievers". With the "Flat" and with the "Curly", this breed shares both behavioral and morphological characteristics. Legend has it that the surviving sailors of an English brigantine shipwrecked in 1807 created the breed. The definitive recognition of the breed and its Standard took place in 1885. In 1918 it was founded by Albert Lee, the first breed club in Minnesota. The breed is little known outside the United States, where however its breeding does not produce many specimens.

General aspect

Medium-sized dog, it must be well proportioned and have a nice coat.
Subjects who have balanced qualities should be preferred to excellent ones in some places and weak in others.
The consistency of the coat is very important, because the dog is used to hunt in all weather conditions, often with ice and snow. The greasy coat and the woolly undercoat are essential to prevent cold water from reaching the skin and to allow rapid drying. The fur must be waterproof like the feathers of a duck.
When the wet dog shakes, the fur must not transmit water, but must remain just damp.
Color is also extremely important, because the dog is used for duck hunting and must blend in as much as possible with the environment. The color and consistency of the hair must be carefully considered, both in the ring and during work tests. Very robust and strong.


It is a very resistant and rustic breed. Be very seldom sick. It needs continuous and prolonged physical exercise. Its optimal environment must have a harsh climate with snow and ice. If it is possible, during your daily movement, you should swim regularly. Very lively breed, with a great sense of smell. It is one of the breed that is completely comfortable in the water, and it is not by chance that it specializes in duck hunting. Always show great endurance and dedication to work.

Chesapeake Bay Retriever (photo

Chesapeake Bay Retriever (photo


- males between 58 and 66 cm
- females between 53 and 61 cm.
- males from 29 Kg to 34 Kg
- females from 25 kg to 29 kg.

Trunk: strong, deep and wide chest. Round and deep ribcage. Trunk of medium length, not inscribed in a square; back never arched, but rather slightly hollowed out. Hips well raised.
Head and muzzle: broad and round skull, with medium stop, medium nasal bridge, short muzzle, pointed but not pointed. Thin lips, not hanging.
Truffle: very large, the same color as the coat.
Teeth: complete in number and development.
Neck: medium length, with a very muscular appearance; is shrinking towards the shoulders.
Ears: small, well attached, softly hanging and of medium consistency.
Eyes: medium in size, very light, yellowish and distant.
Limbs: must be straight and of medium length, muscular and with good bone, with hare feet but well webbed and of adequate size. The fingers are well rounded and compact; pastures slightly flexed. The pasturals and the hocks are of medium length; the spurs, if any, must be removed from the hind limbs; they can be in the front limbs. The subjects with the spurs present in the hind limbs must be disqualified. Rear train as powerful as the front one. The rear must be particularly vigorous to provide the necessary swimming power; a good rear is essential.
Shoulder: oblique, powerful; it has maximum freedom of action and is not in the least obstructed in movement.
Pace: easy, loose and fast at a gallop.
Musculature: very well developed both in the rear quarter and in the front.
Tail: must be of medium length, from 30 to 37.5 cm in males, from 27.5 to 35 in females. Quite large at the root. Fringes are allowed.
Hair: the coat must be thick and short, never more greasy than 3.75 cm. Abundant woolly undercoat. On the muzzle and on the limbs the hair must be very short and straight, with a tendency to become wavy on the shoulders, neck, back and kidneys. Curly coat or tendency to curl is not allowed.
Allowed colors: all shades from dark brown to dull tan, or dead leaf color, which varies from tan to straw.
Most common defects: non-standard measures, incorrect gait, non-straight appiombi, lack of premolars, prognathism, enognatism, slightly oblique shoulder, not powerful rear train, thick lips, narrow skull, dark eye, large ears, little pronounced stop, long nasal bridge, spurs in the hind limbs, light bone structure, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, atypicality.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: American Labrador VS English Labrador (September 2021).