Dog breeds: Chinese Crested Dog

Dog breeds: Chinese Crested Dog

Origin, classification and history

Origin: China.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.

Dogs similar to the Chinese Crested Dog were already known in China in the twelfth century BC.
The absolute lack of covering hair in the dog, due to a spontaneous genetic mutation, is characteristic not only of this small Chinese breed, but also of others, such as the Peruvian and Mexican ones or even some unofficially recognized breeds of Argentina, of the Turkey and the African continent. Currently the breed is almost completely unknown in its country, but it is well bred in Europe, especially in Great Britain, and in the United States. In none of these countries are there numerous specimens of this breed, but there is a good quality level and they frequently participate in dog shows. It is a breed that has always aroused curiosity and much interest among European dog lovers. There is the hairless variety and the hairless variety.

General aspect

Small dog. Very responsive and graceful. It has a medium-fine bone structure, smooth trunk without hairs, present only on the feet, head and tail or is covered by a soft veil of hair. The breed has two distinct types: the "fallow deer" type, elegant and with a strong bone structure, and the "pony" type, with a heavier build and bone structure.


He is a very sensitive and intelligent dog. He is very cheerful and jovial. He is a perfect and very sweet companion dog. Obviously, like any companion dog, the breed is devoid of any aggression. It is not very suitable for cold climates and suffers a lot in cold temperatures. It requires constant care of the skin by the owner, who can easily become irritated and inflamed. Its food must never be made up of hard-to-chew foods, as this breed is very prone to lack of teeth.

Chinese Crested Dog (photo

Chinese Crested Dog (website photo)


- males between 28 and 33 cm
- females between 23 and 30 cm.
Weight: it can vary considerably, but should not exceed 5.5 kg.

Trunk: medium to long. Elastic. Rather wide and deep chest, not barrel, descended to the elbows. Sternum not prominent. Belly moderately retracted.
Head and muzzle: slightly rounded and elongated skull. Well-chiseled, dry and flat cheeks, which are tightening towards the muzzle. Stop slightly pronounced, but not excessive. Smooth head without wrinkles. The distance from the base of the skull to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the tip of the truffle. The muzzle is slightly narrowing, but it is never pointed; it is dry, without sagging lips. The head has a graceful appearance and an awake expression. The lips are tense and thin. The tuft or crest preferably starts from the stop and gradually decreases along the neck. A long and flowing tuft is preferred, but it is accepted even if it is not very thick.
Truffle: narrow, continues the line of the muzzle. All colors are accepted.
Teeth: strong jaws, with perfect, regular teeth; incisors perpendicular to the jaws with scissor bite.
Neck: dry, dewlap, long, gracefully inclined towards strong shoulders. On the move it is carried high and slightly arched.
Ears: attached low, large and erect, with or without fringe, except in the "powder puff" type, where hanging ears are allowed.
Eyes: so dark as to appear black, of medium size, well spaced. White should not appear or be barely visible.
Limbs: long and thin, well positioned under the trunk. Elbows close to the body. Fine, strong, almost vertical pastures. Feet neither in nor out. Hindquarters with well rounded and muscular rump, tense kidneys, solid and long fat. Well combined with the descended hocks. The angle of the hind limbs must be such as to support a well aligned back. The hind limbs are well spaced.
Shoulder: clean line, clean line, narrow and well inclined.
Gait: long, fluid and elegant movements, with good rear propulsion.
Musculature: sufficiently developed with respect to the size of the animal.
Tail: attached high, carried high or horizontal in action. Long, rather straight, both tapers towards the end, it is not curled or deviated, it is naturally brought to rest in rest. Long and flowing plume, limited to the lower thirds of the tail. A small bushy plume is accepted.
Leather: it has a fine grain, it is soft and warm to the touch.
Hair: the trunk must never have large patches of fur. In the "Piumino di cipria" variety, the coat is made up of an undercoat with a soft veil of long hair; the hair is an essential feature.
Allowed colors: all colors are accepted and color combinations.
Most common defects: non-standard measures, lack of teeth, prognathism, enognatism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect movement, excessive angles in the back, broad shoulder, weak jaws, high attachment of the ears, clear eyes, eyes slightly spaced, lips slightly outstretched, short skull, presence of excessive or completely absent hair on all parts of the body.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

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