Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.
Hard to say when this magnificent breed was created (The Chow is a primitive dog). This breed naturally evolved in China, in whose region it arrived in the era of transmigration from the highlands of Tibet to ancient dogs that are considered to be the origin of so many breeds today. The Chow-Chow, unlike the "great Mongolian dog", continues to live in China and (the Chow Chow no longer lives in China where it is almost unknown) was discovered by Europeans in the late nineteenth century. Its ancient origins are documented by many archaeological finds, such as a pottery from 150 BC. which depicts a dog completely similar to the current breed. For many years this breed has been considered more an exotic rarity than dogs to breed. Around 1875 some Chow-Chow had already arrived in England, and a specimen was introduced into Windsor Castle. The breed began to be bred in 1887 and gained recognition in 1894. according to some experts, its name Chow-Chow, in the Cantonese language means "nourishment".
Just medium-sized dog, mesomorphic brachycephalic. Morphologically classified as Lupoid type. Reactive, compact, brevilinear, well-proportioned dog, with a lion-like appearance and a proud and dignified bearing: its structure is solid. Its tail is carried over the back. He is a dog of great power and strength, very muscular and with a very strong bone. He has a wide, spitz-type head. Its muzzle does not have to be pointed.
It has a thick mane that gives it that particular leonine appearance, a typical characteristic of this breed. Its construction has slightly marked angles in the back, which gives it the typical "elephant" gait, as if walking on stilts. Its language is bluish-black. Its hair is semi-long on the trunk, longer around the neck up to the shoulders and limbs.
He is a quiet dog. Good watchdog. His temperament can be summarized in the following adjectives: loyal, independent and detached. He is also an excellent companion for the family. It adapts without problems to life in the home or apartment. It needs daily movement. It requires constant care and cleaning of the hair, therefore it is necessary to pay attention to its body.
Chow Chow (photo Dzoker)
Black Chow Chow (photo www.chow-chows.net)
Chow Chow (photo www.chowshuskies.co.uk)
- males between 48 and 56 cm
- females between 46 and 51 cm.
Weight: the weight is not included in the Standard, but if you want to give information about it, it goes from 25 to 38 kg.
Trunk: wide and deep chest. Ribs well arched but not barrel. Short back, strong and well aligned. Robust kidneys.
Head and muzzle: flat and wide skull; stop not pronounced; full under the eyes. Muzzle of moderate length, wide between the eyes and the end, never pointed, as in the Spitz.
Truffle: wide and well pronounced, black in color, except in cream and almost white subjects, where light color is allowed, and in blue and fawn subjects, where it is in the same color as the coat.
Teeth: robust, complete, regular and well aligned teeth. Scissor closure. Palate and black lips; preferably black gums.
Neck: robust, turned, not short, well attached to the shoulders and slightly arched.
Ears: small, thick and slightly rounded at the tip.
Eyes: dark, almond-shaped, rather small and clear.
Limbs: forelegs perfectly straight, of moderate length, with good bone structure. Muscular hindquarters, well-descended hocks; limbs straight from the hocks to the ground, never flex forward. Small, round, cat-like feet, well supported on the toes.
Shoulder: muscular and oblique.
Gait: short and stiff, with an "on stilts" effect. The front and rear limbs move on parallel planes.
Musculature: very well developed.
Tail: attached high, carried over the back.
Hair: it can be smooth or hard.
Allowed colors: single color black, red, blue, cinnamon, cream or white, often shaded, but never in spots or in multiple colors. Under the tail and behind the thighs, the color often has a lighter shade.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, large ears, loose and not typical gait, insufficient mane, non-standard measures, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, lack of premolars, tail of excessive length, tail not carried on the back, depigmented truffle, colors not allowed by the standard, insufficient musculature .
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it