Breeds of dogs: Clumber Spaniel

Breeds of dogs: Clumber Spaniel

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 8 - retrieving dogs, hunting dogs, water dogs.

This breed originates from hunting dogs used in France to beat the ground and for the carryover. It seems that the first specimens were obtained by crossing a Spaniel from the Alps with the "French Bassets". In the late eighteenth century, these dogs were bred by the Duke of Noailles, who, when the revolution broke out, sent them to England to save them, from his friend, the Duke of Newcastel in Clumber Park, from which the breed takes its name. . The British obviously disagree with this version of the history of the breed, since they claim that the breed is exclusively English. Specimens of this breed were already painted in 1788. These Spaniels were the favorite dogs of Prince Albert and his son, King Edward VII and also of George V. Despite the royal appreciation, this breed has never had great popularity. The breed is present, but little bred, even in the United States and western countries. Specimens in Italy are rare.

General aspect

Medium sized dog, well proportioned, with heavy bones. It gives the impression of strength, is an active dog and has a thoughtful expression. He is a stoic, strong, energetic, generous, very intelligent dog. Very brave. His natural ability is accompanied by a very determined attitude.


Very calm, reliable, dignified dog. He works silently and has an excellent sense of smell. More reserved than the other Spaniels; he never has aggressive tendencies. He must never be fearful or shy, neither during work nor during a film competition. It is also considered by many fans of the breed, a discreet guardian of its territory. Work alone or in small groups. He is also successful as a companion dog.

Clumber Spaniel (photo

Clumber Spaniel (photo

Clumber spaniel (photo


Height: from 48 to 51 cm at the withers.
- ideal males 34 kg
- ideal females 29.5 kg.

Trunk: long, heavy, close to the ground. Chest well descended. Ribs wide open. Back straight, wide, long. Muscular, well-descended kidneys.
Head and muzzle: square, massive, medium length, wide at the top with marked occiput; accentuated eyebrows; deep stop. Squared and heavy muzzle, with well developed lips. Head and skull not disproportionate to the trunk.
Truffle: quite broad, flesh-colored.
Teeth: strong jaws. Perfect, regular and complete teeth. Scissor closure. Incisors perpendicular to the jaws.
Neck: rather long, thick, powerful.
Ears: large, in the shape of a vine leaf, well covered with straight hair, which must however not go beyond the skin. Bring hanging a little forward.
Eyes: clear, dark amber, slightly sunken; conjunctiva visible but not excessively. To avoid the wide eyes.
Limbs: short, straight, strong forelegs, with good bone structure. Very powerful and well developed hindquarters. Low hocks, well flexed and not deflected hocks. Large, round, well-covered feet.
Shoulder: robust, oblique, muscular.
Gait: short legs and long body make the gait oscillate. Propulsion is good and effortless; the limbs move straight.
Musculature: very well developed.
Tail: attached low, well fringed, brought to the level of the back.
Hair: abundant, thick, straight and silky. Limbs and chest well fringed.
Allowed colors: the favorite is white, with lemon spots; orange is allowed. Small spots on the head and taps on the muzzle.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, lack of teeth, long head, incorrect gait, defective rear end, shy or fearful character, head and skull disproportionate to the trunk, colors not allowed, non-standard sizes, wide eyes, very light eyes, ears small, ears worn incorrectly.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Working Clumber Spaniel Society (September 2021).