Internal and external coatings: the characteristics of the materials
The flooring for exteriors and interiors, although different in aesthetic characteristics, have some basic features: in fact, they must be non-slip, waterproof and robust in order to withstand shocks, loads, stains and molds. In addition, outdoor flooring must be frost-proof and must be able to withstand the action of atmospheric agents and low and high temperatures. When choosing to pave terraces, balconies, patios and external courtyards, it is better to use materials that harmonize with those of the interior environments. Furthermore, you need to think about the climatic conditions of the area where you live: for example, if frosts are very frequent, you will have to opt for materials that withstand very low temperatures. Alternatively, if rainfall is frequent, materials that do not absorb water should be used.
Coverings for porcelain stoneware tiles: the characteristics
The coverings for tiles are ideal for both external and internal environments, as they allow a high resistance to bending and a low degree of slipping and visibility of footprints. The tile coverings are mostly ceramic, and, among these, the best are porcelain stoneware. The latter are characterized by being frost-proof and by a very high resistance to shocks, abrasion, scratches and the action of chemical detergents. The choice of the type of porcelain stoneware is also linked to the type of finish. For example, the use of the natural finish makes it possible to create an unsanded and polished tile, in order to limit slipping in the presence of ice or rain. In the case of a bush-hammered finish, the tile has a rustic surface that ensures excellent grip.
Terracotta tile coverings: characteristics of the material
Another material widely used for tiling is terracotta, especially for indoor and outdoor environments characterized by a rustic style. The choice of tiles, however, must be made according to the destination environment: in fact, if the tile coverings are for outdoor use, the terracotta in which they are made must have a frost-proof guarantee: in this way, the material will be more resistant to atmospheric agents and thermal excursion. Terracotta tiles can be made industrially or by hand (so they are all different from the other). As for the laying of terracotta tile coverings, it is necessary to avoid situations in which the temperature is close to zero or above 30 degrees. Furthermore, always for external cladding, attention must be paid to slopes in order to prevent stagnation under the floor.
Coatings for tiles: The coatings for concrete tiles: the characteristics
Another material for tile coverings is concrete. It is a material obtained through a compound of cement and colored grits, and is generally reinforced with polypropylene fibers. Furthermore, the molding systems make it possible to obtain tiles that have the appearance of natural stone, brick, rock or wood. Concrete tiles have the particularity of remaining unaltered over time, as they are not attacked by mold and are extremely resistant to wear and the action of atmospheric agents. Furthermore, they are treated with resins that make them non-slip, anti-dust and prevent them from absorbing liquids. The coatings for concrete tiles are not subject to sagging and settling, as is the case with floors made of natural stone. Finally, these coatings become walkable already a few hours after installation.