Dog breeds: Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Dog breeds: Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 3 - terrier.

The Dandie Dinmont Terrier takes its name from the protagonist of a short story by Walter Scott, author of the well-known "Ivanhoe". This is the only terrier that does not have the name linked to its region of origin. This Scottish terrier is the result of selection by local hunters, who, more with intuition than with scientific methods, sought to obtain a dog of great courage, great tenacity and discreet for hunting. Since the early seventeenth century, these terriers were named after the farms where they lived. There are several theories as to where the crossbreeds were to create these unique dogs. Given the lack of documentation in this regard, no assumptions can be made for certain. Today we are almost certain that, in addition to the Terriers bred for several centuries in Scotland, the "dog of the Rothbury forest", progenitor of the current "Bedlington", took part in the formation of the breed. According to various experts, the blood of "Dachshund" would flow through the veins of Dandie Dinmont, as some similar morphological characters would demonstrate. The debut on the official dog show took place in 1877 at the Carlisle show. The first club was founded two years earlier. The first specimens of this breed were entered in the register of the Kennel Club in London in 1880. It is a breed that has contributed a lot in the creation of many other breeds. It is not a very popular terrier in Britain.

General aspect

Small dog. Distinct head covered with a beautiful silky hair, with large eyes and a shrewd, elongated look, a low weasel body. It has short and strong limbs. The breed has a water resistant coat. The body of weasel is the particularity that makes this breed unique. Joyful and intelligent enough expression. Black and very large truffle. It has a very well developed chest descended between the front limbs.


Despite his past as an excellent hunting dog, currently the Dandie Dinmont is now a companion dog. Very cheerful, playful breed, particularly linked to the owner. Although the breed has preserved its ancestral behaviors intact, its temperament has changed and has calmed down enough, since for many generations it has had no opportunity to measure itself against harmful wild animals. Dandie is a very healthy and very robust dog, with a tendency, however, to obesity. If you live in an apartment, you need to take good long walks in the fresh air. A not very rich diet is recommended. For aesthetic care, it does not require much attention, just brush it periodically and always try to keep its eyes clean. Fairly independent breed. Typical working terrier character, bold, determined, obstinate, sensitive and dignified.

Dandie Dinmont Terrier (photo

Dandie Dinmont Terrier


Height: from 20 to 25 cm at the withers.
Weight: 8-11 kg. Lighter dogs should be preferred.

Trunk: long, strong and flexible; thorax well developed and well descended between the forelimbs, with well circled and round ribs. The dorsal line goes up from the low withers towards the loins, which are rounded and descend towards the junction of the tail.
Head and muzzle: robust construction. It is large, but in proportion to the size of the dog, it shows muscles of extraordinary development, especially the maxillaries. Wide skull, narrows towards the eyes. The forehead has a pronounced dome. The head is covered with very soft silky hair, which must not be limited to the top tuft. The cheeks degrade towards the muzzle, which is deep and robust. The muzzle, in relation to the skull, must have the proportion of 3 to 5.
Truffle: wide and black.
Teeth: implanted on strong jaws. They have a regular and complete scissor closure.
Neck: very muscular, well developed and strong, shows great power; it is well inserted between the shoulders.
Ears: hanging, placed far back, distant from each other, low on the sides of the skull, they adhere to the cheeks with a slight protrusion at the base.
Eyes: deep dark hazelnut color, placed distant and low, large, alive, full and round, but not prominent.
Limbs: short forelegs and with very strong development of muscles and bones. The forearm must follow the profile of the chest. Crooked limbs are a serious defect. Hindquarters a little longer than the front ones, are distant from each other, but not unnaturally spread apart. Thighs well developed. Garretti are very low.
Shoulder: well inclined but not heavy.
Gait: strong and straight push from the rear, which gives a free, flowing and loose step, which stretches forward. A rigid, unnatural, hopping or waving movement is a serious defect.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: rather short, from 20 to 25 cm, rather large at the junction, it remains thick for about 10 cm, then tapers towards the tip. Not curled or curved, but worn as a scimitar; the tip, when the dog is excited, must be perpendicular to its attachment. When the dog is at rest, it is carried cheerfully, slightly higher than the back line.
Hair: it is one of the most important characteristics of the breed. Double coat with a soft and soft undercoat, and a harder, but not rough outer coat, which gives the hand a frizzy feeling.
Allowed colors: pepper or mustard.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, colors not allowed by the standard, non-standard measures, obese dog, presence of spurs, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, lack of premolars, incorrect gait, badly worn ears, badly worn tail, external hair scattered on the back, short trunk.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Group Judging. Terrier. Crufts 2014 (September 2021).