Breeds of dogs: Dalmatian

Breeds of dogs: Dalmatian

Origin, classification and history

Origin: ex-Yugoslavia.
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.

This is undoubtedly an ancient breed, but it is still difficult to establish what its progenitors are and how many centuries ago it originated. There are depictions of white dogs with black spots in many parts of Europe, Africa and also in Asia. Some authors maintain the theory that its ascendant was the now extinct "Bengal Bracco", which was crossed with the "Bull terrier" and then with the "Pointer". Many claim that the Dalmatian ancestor is the same as the Harlequin Great Dane. " The only ascendant declared by the International Federation is the "Pointer of Istria". During the Balkan wars of 1912, the breed performed military services as a relay messenger dog, particularly in Dalmatia. The breed has spread throughout Europe. It got a huge boost after Walt Disney's animated feature "101 Dalmatians", which made the breed popular all over the world. Well bred also in Italy.

General aspect

Medium sized dog, well proportioned, strong, quite muscular, reactive and of good performance. Breed with harmonious lines and not with coarse or heavy features; rather elegant and refined breed. Its appearance is nice. The characteristic that the main mainsail is the particular white coat with black spots or liver, now known even to the most inexperienced.


Although appearance can be deceiving, the Dalmatian is a breed of remarkable physical endurance. He is a very festive and jovial dog at all times. Rather playful and cheerful. He loves to be taken into consideration by the owner. Very fond and faithful dog. Sometimes spiteful, but never bad. He must never appear fearful or shy towards those he does not know and not even towards the family that looks after him. It can live without problems both in the home and in the apartment, since it is a clean and fairly precise and careful breed. Fairly intelligent and fairly well trained. It is undoubtedly an excellent playmate for children and also for adults.

Dal della Belcora, Dalmatian male (photo

Fantasiafoebe of Folgore, Dalmatian female (photo


- males between 55 and 61 cm
- females between 50 and 58 cm.
Weight: from 22 to 26 kg.
General harmony is of primary importance for this breed.

Trunk: the chest must not be too wide, but must still be high and have a good capacity for the heart and lungs. The ribs are well arched. The withers are well marked. The back is powerful and straight. The kidneys are strong, well made, muscular and slightly sloping.
Head and muzzle: must have a good total length. The skull is flat, reasonably wide between the ears, but marched, well drawn but with moderation at the level of the temples. It has a moderately marked stop. The head is not in a straight line from the truffle to the occiput. It must not have wrinkles. The muzzle is long and powerful, never whistling. The lips have a precise line, they are close to the jaws without being too tight.
Truffle: in the black-spotted variety, the truffle must always be black; in subjects with liver spots, the truffle is always brown.
Teeth: complete in number. Scissor bite, with the upper incisors superimposed tightly on the upper part of the lower ones.
Neck: of good length, gracefully turned; it is light and thinning towards the head. It must not have dewlap.
Ears: the hairline is quite high, their size is medium. They are quite wide at the base and are squeezing towards the rounded end. They are fine to the touch and worn close to the head. They must have well-distributed spots, preferably rounded in shape.
Eyes: spaced but without excess. Of medium size. They are round, lively and shiny. They have intelligent expression. They are dark in those with black spots, amber in those with liver spots. The whole eye area must be black in people with black spots, liver in dogs with liver spots.
Limbs: the elbows are close to the body. The front legs are perfectly straight. They have a round and strong bone up to the foot, with a slight curvature at the level of the carpus joint. Round, compact feet. Well arched fingers. Round, hard and elastic plantar pads. Rounded back with well-defined musculature. Leg well developed. The grassella has a good curvature. Well designed hock.
Shoulder: moderately oblique, well-designed and muscular.
Gait: must be loose in its gaits. The movement must be coordinated, powerful, rhythmic, with long strides. Seen from behind, the limbs move on parallel planes and the posterior ones form a simple trace with the anterior ones. The short step and the limbs that "mow the grass" are to be considered defects.
Musculature: toned, developed and evident.
Tail: approximately reaches the hock. The hairline should not be too high or too low. It doesn't have to be coarse. It is carried with a slight upward curvature but is never rolled up. It preferably has rounded spots.
Hair: short, hard and thick. With a smooth and shiny appearance.
Allowed colors: the background color is pure white. Black spot individuals must have numerous black coin shaped spots. In liver-spotted dogs, these are liver-brown. Stains should not be confused. The spots are round and well designed, as well distributed as possible. The spots on the end are smaller than those located on the body.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, large colored spots, black round spots and liver round spots in the same dog (tricolor), lemon round spots, blue eyes, bronze shades, pigmentation defects, incorrect movement, non-standard measures, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, tall dog on limbs, dog too frail, ears too small, underdeveloped musculature, absence of general harmony, short tail, not flat skull, narrow head.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: dalmatians dogs breeds (September 2021).