Sansevieria when to water
Sansevieria, more commonly known as Sanseveria, are evergreen plants of incredible beauty that belong to the Ruscaceae family, native to the Indies and Africa.To cultivate this plant you need to know how to water the Sansevieria correctly, since it has the root system in rhizome form that does not tolerate excess water.The rhizome that grows under the surface of the soil and has a vegetative apex, if for any reason it is damaged or weakened, immediately stops the growth of the foliage. Therefore, to wet the Sansevieria in order to properly quench its root system, it is advisable to do it in dry soil, as for succulents, avoiding that its delicate rhizome can rot. Sansevieria does not like humid environments, therefore it should not be subjected to nebulizations. There are various species on the market, the most common is Sansevieria trifasciata, characterized by elegant two-colored, intense green and light yellow leaves, which can reach even more than 50 centimeters in height.
How to breed Sansevieria
Sansevieria trifasciata is a very common species among ornamental indoor plants. Its foliage is formed by beautiful glossy and fleshy leaves, with a long and lanceolate shape, with dark green spots, streaked with yellow. To cultivate the Sansevieria and make it grow luxuriantly, rich in dense and well-slender foliage, it is essential to know that it lives very well in the apartment because it loves hot temperatures, in fact in summer it resists even above 30 ° C. The only precaution to use concerns the stagnation of water in the saucer and humidity. Sansevieria is a plant accustomed to a dry climate that prefers warm, but above all dry places. To take care of Sansevieria it is necessary to bury it in deep vessels, this allows its underground rhizome to develop and spread freely. Not being a demanding plant, to raise the Sansevieria simple soil is used as long as it is fertile, taking care during repotting, to arrange small pieces of earthenware on the drainage hole.
How and when to fertilize the Sansevieria
Good fertilizer for evergreen plants is sufficient to fertilize Sansevieria, therefore a mixture for plant species that develop many leaves. Therefore it is advisable to use a product that has a high quantity of nitrogen, the macro-element that favors the development of green parts. The period in which the Sansevieria needs more nourishment is spring which must be fertilized once a month. During the cold season fertilization must be suspended. Repotting may be necessary to make the leaves of the plant grow lush and dense. When the rhizome sheds many rosettes, it can run out of space in the pot, so it is essential to repot it. The operation must be performed in early spring. In the period in which repotting is not yet necessary, it is advisable to replace a few centimeters of new soil twice a year. To clean the Sansevieria it is forbidden to use foliar polishes, better a damp cloth to pass on the leaves, supporting them so that they do not break.
Most common diseases of Sansevieria
Sansevieria is a robust plant as long as it is not given too much water by mistake or as in many cases, in evergreen plants of tropical origin, there is no stagnation in the saucer. Indoor plants are often used to the arid climate, so if grown in pots, they easily suffer from root rot. The most common diseases of the Sansevieria are announced with the leaves that appear limp and with brown spots at the base. When the plant is watered too much, its root system can get sick and start to rot. The remedy is to remove the plant from the pot and cut the dark parts of the rhizome, and then let it dry in the open air for a few days. It is also advisable to cut the affected leaves and treat the cuts with sulfur powder. It can also happen that the leaves lose their mottles, becoming completely uniform. In this case the plant needs light. Finally, if the Sansevieria is attacked by Cochineal, it can be treated with a fungicide product.