Asparagus cultivation

Asparagus cultivation

Asparagus cultivation

The first year the asparagus cannot be harvested, in fact, it is not necessary to damage the shoots to let them grow and bloom. At the end of the second year, some shoots can be harvested, but without exaggerating and paying close attention. Once in the third year we will be able to collect them little by little, choosing the ripe ones. It is important not to let them mature too much to prevent them from becoming fibrous. The harvest varies from four to six weeks between spring and summer. It is necessary to take those that have reached fifteen centimeters, cutting them five centimeters from the ground. During the whole cultivation, the soil must be cleaned from weeds. Preventing with a mulch of straw, twigs and compost will avoid wasting too much time.

How much to water asparagus

Cultivating asparagus is a work of constancy, during the first years, you will not be able to have a harvest and you will have to fertilize, irrigate and hoe the soil. As for irrigation, it must be abundant during racking and rooting. Subsequently, it will only be necessary to keep the soil moist, avoiding stagnation of water, which often causes rot and parasitic fungi, dangerous for plants. In fact, asparagus has no particular needs, but especially in the first years after sowing, it needs to be watered constantly in periods of drought and every time, however, the soil is dry. It is a very long-lived vegetable, so it is advisable to take it into consideration when deciding where to plant it. The asparagus will in fact last several years.

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How to fertilize and how much to fertilize

At the beginning of spring it is advisable to mulch and fertilize the soil, taking care previously to aerate the soil around the plants. This operation ensures the necessary humidity. With the arrival of winter, approximately in November, it is necessary to fertilize again using manure and soil. Once in the third year, after the first harvests, it will be necessary to tuck the plants up, adding compost of organic origin. Every autumn, however, it is necessary to clean up the asparagus, completely eliminating the dry stems with a small knife. Weeds must be constantly removed manually or with the help of herbicide products. Plants can reach two meters in height, so you need to use supports to prevent them from breaking.

Exposure, diseases and possible remedies

Asparagus plants prefer sunny places, so they should be planted in sunny and ventilated places, avoiding stagnation of water and too much humidity. They should be sown during the spring, burying the seeds just below the surface. It is necessary to sow in parallel rows, keeping a distance of about forty centimeters. After sowing, it becomes essential to compact the surface of the soil gently, with your hands or with a tool. Plants can be attacked during any stage of growth, by parasites such as insects or fungi. The most common animal parasite is the asparagus beetle, which can be eliminated using diatomaceous earth. As for the risk of fungi, they stick to the roots and must be eliminated by using pesticides.

Watch the video

Video: How To Grow Asparagus (October 2021).