Dog breeds: Continuous Dwarf Spaniel Papillon

Dog breeds: Continuous Dwarf Spaniel Papillon

Origin, classification and history

Origin: France / Belgium.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.

LEpagneul Dwarf Continental Papillon (Spaniel Dwarf Continental Papillon) is a rather ancient dog. It is a breed that has been enclosed in the courtyards of stately homes for centuries and has been the subject of inspiration for many artists. The origin of this dog is certainly from Western Europe. Many suppose that the breed can descend from the "Spaniels" from the Far East, but this supposition has no foundation. This breed appears in many 14th century frescoes and a very similar dog can be identified in the miniature preserved in the Namur Museum, dated around the 11th century. The Spaniards have long argued that the origins of this small Spaniel are Iberian. The baptism of the breed took place quite recently. Its Standard has been ratified by F.C.I. in 1937. his official nationality is twofold, both Belgian and French. The breed is divided into two varieties that differ in the position of the ears: the first, with straight ears, called "Papillon" and the second with hanging ears called "Phalène". Papillon are the most popular, although this variety cannot boast ancient origins since it was formed recently in the nineteenth century, it seems with the contribution of "Spitz". This breed is not very numerous, but it is well bred and present in many countries including France, Switzerland, Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and in many Nordic countries. The Breed Club was founded in the United States in 1935.

General aspect

Very small dog. It is a small pet Spaniel, normotype and harmonious. It is a long-haired dog, with a moderately long muzzle and shorter than the skull, it has a lively, graceful and robust appearance at the same time. The trunk is slightly longer than high, considering the length, taken from the corner of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock and the height at the withers. It has a silky, abundant, flat and shiny coat, without undercoat. All colors are allowed by the Standard. He has a very proportionate head, straight, solid and rather thin limbs, a proud demeanor and a loose and elegant gait.


He is a highly sensitive and constantly affectionate canine with his master. It is a very calm, patient and sweet breed at the same time. He is very jealous of the people he knows. He is a little wary with strangers and always tries to keep his distance. Despite its apparent fragility, it is very resistant. He rarely gets sick. He always has an innate desire to run and move. It is necessary to pay close attention to the cleaning of the coat.

Continuous Dwarf Spaniel Papillon (photo Gvdmoort)

Continental Spaniel Epagneul Papillon (photo

Continental Dwarf Spaniel Papillon and Phalene (photo


Height: maximum 28 cm at the withers.

Trunk: two weight categories:
- less than 2,5 kg for males and females
- from 2.5 to 4.5 kg for males; from 2.5 to 5 kg for females. Minimum weight 1.5 kg.
Head and muzzle: normally proportioned to the trunk. The skull must not be too rounded. The straight nasal bridge is joined to the skull through a fairly accentuated depression. Lips very pigmented, thin and well stretched. The language must not be visible.
Truffle: small, black and rounded, but slightly flattened at the top.
Teeth: fairly strong teeth, with good normal closure.
Neck: medium length, slightly arched on the nape.
Ears: in the Papillon variety the ear is attached high; the basin is well open and turned to the side; the internal edge of the basin forms an angle of about 45 ° with the horizontal. The interior of the basin is garnished with fine hair, also wavy.
Eyes: quite large, well open, very broad almond shaped, not protruding; they are located low enough.
Limbs: as a whole they are parallel when viewed from both the front and the back. The hocks are normally flexed. The limbs are straight, solid and fairly fine. Fairly long, hare-like feet are plumb-lined on the plants. Strong nails and preferably black, lighter in subjects with brown or white coat.
Shoulder: well developed, has the same arm length. It remains well adherent to the trunk.
Gait: proud gait, free, loose and elegant gait.
Tail: attached fairly high, rather long, very fringed and with a well plume.
Hair: without undercoat, it is quite shiny, wavy, somewhat resistant to the touch, with silky reflections. fairly fine and flat hair, just moved by the waving. The coat of this breed approaches that of the small English Spaniels. As an indication, the hair in good condition has a hair of about 7.5 cm at the withers and fringes of about 15 cm at the tail.
Allowed colors: all colors are allowed. In all subjects the lips, the eyelids and the truffle must be well pigmented.
Most common defects: flat skull, depression too pronounced, small eye, eye too round or protruding, non-black truffle, depigmentations, knotty metacarpals, defective hind limbs, rolled tail, tail resting on the back, scarce coat, back arched or insellated, tongue constantly visible, ears bad attitude, bad gait, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

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