Information

Breeds of dogs: Field Spaniel

Breeds of dogs: Field Spaniel

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 8 - retrieving dogs, hunting dogs, water dogs.

At the beginning the breed was divided into two categories according to their weight, below or above 25 pounds. The Field Spaniel is nothing more than a Spaniel from the ground, and that's exactly how they were officially called and registered by the Kennel Club. The "Cocker" was born from the less weighted specimens, while other breeds derive from the others. The Field derives from old ground Spaniels originating in Devon and Wales. This breed was once considered better than the "Cocker" himself in the work, and better than any other Spaniel, this until the end of the nineteenth century. Subsequently, the selection privileged aesthetics at the expense of functionality. The first breed club was born in 1923. Currently, the specimens of this breed do not occupy an important position in the ranking of hunters and dog lovers in the British Isles. The breed was imported to the United States in 1984. Little known in western European countries and in Italy.

General aspect

Dog below the medium size, well proportioned, noble, proud. Its head is rather long with a convex skull, slightly domed, with an elongated and dry muzzle. It is black, liver, colored liver, mahogany red, even with tan markings. It has a coat of dense, silky, shiny, flat or slightly wavy hair, which, however, must not form curls. Its trunk is elongated, with a very deep thorax and powerful bone structure.

Character

It is a resistant Spaniel, capable of great physical activity. Ideal for hunting, it is an excellent companion for those who live in the countryside. It is not suitable for the city, nor for living in an apartment. Very docile, reactive, sensitive temperament. It is a very independent breed.

Field Spaniel (photo www.irishfieldsports.com)

Field Spaniel (photo www.nauticaspaniels.com)

Field Spaniel (photo www.nauticaspaniels.com)

Standard

Height: about 45.7 cm at the withers.
Weight: between 18 and 25 Kg.

Trunk: deep and well developed chest. Moderately open ribs. Rib length equal to 2 3 of the trunk length. Sturdy, aligned and muscular back and kidneys.

Head and muzzle: well chiseled, with defined occiput, dry between the eyes. Slightly raised eyebrow arch. Moderate stop. Long, dry muzzle, neither pointed nor square. The profile curves gently from the nose to the nose.
Truffle: well developed with well open nostrils.
Teeth: robust jaws with complete, regular and perfect teeth. Scissor closure.
Neck: long, strong and muscular, it must allow the recovery and carry-over of game without excessive effort.
Ears: moderately long and wide, attached low and well fringed.
Eyes: wide open, almond-shaped and with taut eyelids, which do not show the conjunctiva. Sweet and serious expression. Dark hazel color.
Limbs: straight and flat bone. Limbs of moderate length. Sturdy, muscular hindquarters; moderately flexed fat. Hocks well descended. Round feet, not too small, with closed toes and strong plantar pads.
Shoulder: long, oblique and well-fitting.
Pace: long regular stride, with good rear propulsion. Short and heavy gait is undesirable.
Tail: attached low, it is never carried above the level of the back. Well fringed, it moves with vivacity. Sometimes shortened by 1 3.
Hair: long, smooth, shiny, silky to the touch. Thick and waterproof. Abundant fringing on the chest, under the trunk and behind the legs, but not from the hock on the ground.
Allowed colors: black, brown liver or roan. Each of these with brown or reddish spots. Light black and white and white and liver are not accepted.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, curly hair, short hair, bristly hair, non-standard sizes, colors not allowed, clear eye, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, aggression, atypical head, high attachment of the ears, short neck, slightly oblique shoulder, little hocks, not very descended, tail badly worn, incorrect gait.

curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it


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