Origin, classification and history
Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 8 - retrieving dogs, hunting dogs, water dogs.
Its latest Standard was released by the British Kennel Club in late 1986 and then ratified by the General Assembly of the F.C.I. in Tel Aviv on June 24, 1987. Its origins are quite documented; descends from the "Newfoundland Dog", which was crossed with the "Irish Setter". It seems that the "Labrador Retrievers" and "Curly-Coated Retrievers" also participated in its selection. The progenitors of this breed, in the nineteenth century, were called "Wave-coated Retriver", that is, "wavy-haired". The first subject of which we still have satisfactory documentation, was called "Windham", and was exhibited at the Birmingham exhibition of 1860, by its owner Mr. Braisford. There is a rumor circulating among breeders of the breed, which assumes that in the past this dog was also crossed with the "Russian Greyhound", in order to strengthen certain aspects, such as the jaws; but the experience turns out to be negative for the race. At one time it was a very widespread breed in England, but subsequently there were uncertainties about breeding in fixing the typical characters, this went to the detriment of its spread, to the advantage of other breeds such as the "Labrador" and the "Golden". After 1960 there was a revaluation of the breed. The breed was introduced to the United States in 1915. today the breed is well bred in Great Britain, in the U.S.A. and in many countries of Europe. It is also well bred in Italy.
Medium sized dog. This dog is very similar in appearance and character to the "Newfoundland dog". His expression is intelligent. It has a powerful, but not heavy structure, elegant and "purebred" appearance. The breed must never show traces of frailty. This dog is covered with a long-haired coat, with a fine, smooth and flat texture, black or liver in color and looks very much, albeit on a smaller scale, to his ancestor. Its size is slightly above average. The head has a skull of moderate width and long jaws, but not as much as those of the "Curly-Coated Retriever".
The use of this breed is completely the same as that of the Curly-coated, being both excellent swimmers. It has strong olfactory and visual qualities. He is definitely a good tracker. It is a dog of a serene and cheerful nature. It is a very sociable breed and fits very well into the family. It adapts to any type of place and climate. Extremely helpful. Its fundamental qualities that characterize the breed are balance and docility. Today it is now considered almost exclusively a companion dog. However, a breed that requires a lot of movement remains. The care of his coat is quite simple.
Gentle and confident temperament. He is a skilled dog and very well suited for hunting; optimistic and friendly, as shown by the enthusiastic activity of the queue.
Flat-Coated Retriever (photo www.thepetexpress.co.uk)
Flat-Coated Retriever (photo www.fcrsainc.org)
Flat-Coated Retriever (photo Flickr)
- males between 58 and 61 cm
- females between 56 and 59 cm.
Weight: varies from 27 to 32 kg.
Trunk: the anterior ribs must be quite stiff. Trunk well shaped by the ribs, which have a gradual opening and are well-circled in the center, but lighter towards the others. Short and square kidneys. To avoid the little compact ronco.
Head and muzzle: long and well-shaped head. Flat and moderately wide skull, with light stop, accentuated hooks, between the eyes, without being recessed or "bowl". Long, strong jaws, capable of carrying a hare or a pheasant.
Truffle: of adequate size, with open nostrils.
Teeth: strong jaws. Perfect, regular and complete teeth. Scissor closure. Strong and strong teeth.
Neck: head well attached to the neck; the latter is reasonably long and without dewlap, symmetrical and joined obliquely at the shoulders, well prolonged in the back to allow it to easily follow the slopes.
Ears: small and well attached, close to the sides of the head.
Eyes: medium size, dark brown or hazelnut color, with very intelligent expression. Cut not obliquely.
Limbs: deep and wide chest, with well-defined sternal region, which allows a loose and regular movement of the elbows. Straight forelegs, with good bone throughout their length. Muscular hindquarters. Grassella and hock moderately flexed, the second is well descended. solid in every part. To avoid the cow hocks. Round and strong feet, with closed and well arched toes. Thick and strong plantar pads.
Shoulder: well proportioned and oblique.
Gait: loose and fluid, straight and solid limbs seen both from the front and from behind.
Musculature: well developed and solid.
Tail: short, straight and well attached, carried cheerfully, but never much above the line of the back.
Hair: thick, of good quality and consistency from fine to medium, as flat as possible. Fringed limbs and tail. The richness of the coat is important for the elegance of the adult dog.
Allowed colors: only black or brown liver.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, round eyes, bulging eyes, measures beyond standard, weight beyond limits, colors not allowed by the standard, puny dog, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, lack of premolars, deviation of the jaw, tail carried badly, ears too large, incorrect gait , rounded front ribs, not very compact trunk.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it