Origin, classification and history
Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 3 - terrier.
The Wire Fox Terrier is a breed of British origin. As the name implies, the breed was selected for fox hunting. There are currently two varieties, which more precisely are two distinct breeds: the smooth-haired Fox Terrier and the rough-haired Fox Terrier. Obviously the origins of the two breeds are common and are confused over time, it is thought, ever since man began to specialize some dogs for fox hunting, both on the surface and in the den. There is documentation of these ancient dogs since the post-medieval centuries. From 1860 to 1865, the Fox Terrier evolved towards a more elegant structure than that of its progenitors, without however ever losing that structure that makes it a small athlete. The heads of these dogs, over the years, lengthened and became less massive, the auricles thinned and the necks acquired a certain elegance. The breed standard was elaborated in 1876, with a distinct description of the smooth-haired and rough-haired ones.
Small dog, dolomomorphic mesocephalic. Morphologically classified as Lupoid type. Strength and bone structure in small volume. It must never be clumsy or gross. It must not be too high on the limbs or leg too short, when placed it must be similar to a hunting horse of good construction and short back, which covers a lot of ground. It may appear very different from the homonymous smooth-haired breed, for the coat, which is just longer but harder, so much so that it must be removed to give the dog a homogeneous conformation and which highlights its typical expression.
Attentive, quick in movement, with intense expression, always on tiptoe waiting. Friendly, ready and fearless temperament. Strong, robust and resistant. The Fox, who descends from a good genealogical line, should not create problems with regards to treatments. The basic rules for keeping it in shape are good nutrition and proper hygiene. We always recommend a diet that avoids making you fat. It is an always very toned and energetic breed.
Rough Haired Fox Terrier (photo www.desertskieskennel.com)
Rough Haired Fox Terrier (photo http://foxterriersnsw.tripod.com)
Height: between 26 and 39 cm at the withers.
Weight: around 7-8.5 kg.
Trunk: short, straight and strong back without signs of weakness (slackness), muscular and slightly arched kidney, deep sternum, moderately circled frontal ribs, deep posterior ribs, very collected kidney.
Head and muzzle: the upper line of the skull almost flat, descending slightly and gradually, decreasing in thickness towards the eyes. Small difference in length between skull and muzzle. If the muzzle is noticeably shorter, the head appears weak and incomplete. The muzzle gradually tapers from the eyes to the nose and slightly degrades in its conjunction with the skull; never converging or elusive under the eyes where it must be full and well done. Excessive bone or muscle development of the jaws and jaws is undesirable and ugly to behold. A full or rounded cheek outline is undesirable.
Teeth: with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite; the upper teeth cover the lower ones and are perpendicular to the jaws.
Neck: rather long and well arched. Well worn.
Ears: small, V-shaped and falling forward near the cheeks, not hanging on the sides of the head. The bending of the ears must be above the level of the skull. Their consistency of moderate thickness.
Eyes: dark, full of fire and intelligence, moderately small, not prominent.
Limbs: the forelegs, seen from every angle, must be straight and not show any or very little angle from the front. They must be of strong bone structure. Strong and muscular rear, free from sagging or weakness. Long and powerful thighs. Small and compact foot. Hard and resistant plantar pads. Moderately arched fingers.
Shoulder: long and inclined, well carried backwards, pointed at the apex, well defined at the withers.
Pace: rhythmic and with good push.
Musculature: very toned and well developed.
Tail: usually amputated, attached high, carried erect not above the back and not rolled up; of good consistency and of good length.
Hair: dense, with extremely rough texture, length varying from 1.9 cm to the shoulder, 3.8 cm to the withers, the back, the ribs, and the rear, with a softer and shorter undercoat. The back and quarters have a rougher texture hair than the sides. The hair on the frizzy jaws is of sufficient length to give an appearance of strength to the muzzle. Thick and frizzy leg hair.
Allowed colors: white predominates with black or fire spots. Patches of brindle, red, liver, or slate blue color are not desirable.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, non-standard sizes, colors not allowed, missing premolars, deviated jaw, badly worn ears, tail of disproportionate dimensions, twisted limbs, weak muscles, incorrect gait, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it