Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 10 - greyhounds.
Many argue that the current Galgo (or Spanish Greyhound) derives directly from the ancient dog called "Lévrier galois", who came to Spain from Gaul, that is, from France, together with the people of the Celts, around the sixth century before Christ. The Galgo was already known in Roman times. It seems that his name "Galgo" is the contraction of "gallicus". If we observe the morphological characteristics of the Galgo, which make it an intermediate individual between the "Greyhound" and the "Sloughi", we can say that it descends from eastern greyhounds that arrived in the Iberian peninsula from northern Africa and after the VIII century, with the Arabs who named most of the territories.
Medium-sized dog, dolichocephalus. Morphologically classified as Graioid type.
It is eumetric-subconvex, sublongilinear. Of compact bone structure, it has a long and narrow head, great thoracic capacity, a very retracted belly, a very long tail, a muscular and well-rounded rear train, a fine, short or semi-long hard hair. Its length is slightly greater than its height. Proportions and functional harmony must be sought, both in a static and moving position.
Of a serious and reserved general nature, it shows great energy and liveliness when hunting. It is a hare hunting dog. Quickly chases the prey following it on sight. It has also been used to hunt other sleeping game, such as rabbit, fox and even wild boar, but its main use remains the original one. Very attached to the one who looks after him and takes care of him.
Spanish Galgo (photo www.tuamigoelperro.es)
Spanish Galgo (photo www.tuamigoelperro.es)
- males between 62 and 70 cm
- females between 60 and 68 cm
A tolerance of 2 cm is allowed in subjects with perfect proportions.
Trunk: slightly rectangular, strong and supple. Large and well-developed ribcage; belly very retracted; robust, agile and resistant appearance. Garrese just mentioned. Straight back, long and well defined. Flat ribs. Long and strong kidneys. Long, powerful, lectern croup. The back-lumbar line has a slight concavity of the back and a convexity of the loins. Powerful chest. Belly sharply retracted after the sternum.
Head and muzzle: proportionate to the rest of the body, long, dry and skinny. The skull-muzzle ratio is 5: 6. The craniofacial lines are divergent. The skull has a contained length and a sub-convex profile. Long and narrow muzzle. Nasal bridge narrow. Very dry lips. Eyelids with fine skin and dark mucous membranes, well adherent to the eyeball. Palate of the same color as the mucous membranes, with very marked ridges.
Truffle: small, moist, with black mucous membranes.
Teeth: strong, white and healthy. Articulated scissor. Highly developed canines. Presence of all premolars.
Neck: long, oval section, flattened, slender, strong and supple. Tight in the cranial part, it widens slightly in the back. Lower edge almost straight, with a slight central convexity.
Ears: wide base, triangular, fleshy in the first third, finer and thinner towards the tip, which is rounded. Attack high. Pulled forward, they come close to the labial commissure.
Eyes: small, slanted, almond-shaped; preferably dark and hazel colored. Calm, sweet and reserved look.
Limbs: perfectly straight, thin, straight and parallel. Short and fine pasterns. Hare feet. Long arm, longer than the shoulder blade, very muscular. Very long forearm with well-defined bone structure. Bachelor-humeral angle of 110 degrees. Humeral-radial angle of 130 degrees. Hindquarters with well-defined bone structure, long and well-developed muscles. Perfectly and perpendicularly. Correct angles. Very strong, long, muscular and toned thighs. Very long leg. Well marked hock. Metatarsal fine and short. Coxo-femoral angle of 110 degrees. Femoro-tibial angle of 130 degrees. Hock angle greater than 140 degrees.
Shoulder: dry, short and oblique. The shoulder blade should be significantly shorter than the arm.
Gait: the typical and natural gait is the gallop. The trot must be elongated, sliding, elastic and powerful. No tendency to exchange or proceed sideways.
Musculature: dry but toned.
Tail: large at the root and attached low. It is flexible and very long.
Skin: well adherent to the body in all regions, toned, soft, pink in color. The mucous membranes must be dark.
Hair: compact, very fine, short and smooth. Well distributed over the whole body. Slightly longer in the back of the thighs.
Allowed colors: all colors are allowed. The following colors, in order of preference, are considered the most typical: fawn and brindle, black, burnt chestnut, cinnamon, fawn, red, white, spots on a white background or with stripes (two-tone and piebald).
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, non-standard measures, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, pointed muzzle, absence of premolars, slightly chiseled head, short tail, skull of excessive length, clear eyes, marked dewlap, type insufficiency, cracked truffle, albinism, back-lumbar line very wide, short ears, incorrect movement.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it