Dog breeds: Large Japanese Dog - American Akita

Dog breeds: Large Japanese Dog - American Akita

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Japan.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

The origin of the Great Japanese Dog initially coincides with that of the "Japanese Akita". In the Akita region, Akita matagis were used as fighting dogs or bear hunting dogs since the 17th century. These dogs from 1868 began to be crossed with the "Tosa Inu" and with the "Mastiff". The products of these crosses were larger specimens, with some characteristics, typical of Spitz type dogs, modified. Thus the Japanese large-sized dog was born. This dog, until a few years ago, was judged together with the "Akita", with the denomination "American Akita". In recent years this breed has distinguished itself and has been very successful in dog shows, even in Italy.

General aspect

Large dog. It is classified among utility dogs. Its construction is very solid and very well balanced. Its mass is greater in all Spitz. It has a very well developed musculature. His head is similar in some respects to Akita, but more massive. His expression expresses intelligence. Covered with straight and rough hair.


Very sociable and friendly breed with those whom he considers friends. Always attentive, always ready. He proves very courageous and very docile at the same time. Today this breed is now used as a companion and show dog, although it still has a good attitude towards guarding, an instinct deriving from its predecessors. As regards health, the breed does not present particular problems if well maintained. It is a dog that can live both indoors and outdoors, also because it easily tolerates low temperatures. Excellent dog for the family. Very showy as a show dog.

Big Japanese Dog (photo

Large Japanese Dog

Large Japanese Dog (photo


- males between 66 and 71 cm
- females between 61 and 66 cm.

Trunk: of solid constitution, well balanced, with a lot of substance. Solid and straight back. Large and deep chest. Good trunk musculature.
Head and muzzle: typical Japanese dog head. Wide skull, intelligent expression. Full muzzle. Powerful jaws. Lips sufficiently tense and thick.
Truffle: black in color.
Teeth: complete in development and number. Very strong teeth. Jaws of extraordinary development.
Neck: strong, very robust.
Ears: they are well erect and small in relation to the rest of the head. The shape is triangular, slightly rounded at the end.
Eyes: they are dark brown, relatively small, almost triangular in shape.
Limbs: straight, with heavy bones. The hindquarters are sufficiently angled with excellent musculature. Forelegs perfectly straight.
Shoulder: of correct inclination, well muscled.
Musculature: excellent development in every part of the body.
Tail: it is large and has thick hair, carried high or rolled up on the back or on the sides, or hanging under the back.
Skin: very elastic and quite thick.
Hair: straight, rough, rigid and slightly raised, with thick, soft, dense and shorter undercoat than the outer hair.
Allowed colors: any color such as red, fawn, white, etc. is allowed; also speckled or streaked. Uniform white subjects have no mask. The spotted ones are white base with widespread uniforming spots covering over a third of the body. The undercoat can be of a different color from the covering hair.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, measures not allowed by the standard, hanging or badly worn ears, depigmented truffle, hair too short, smooth hair, light eye, insufficient musculature, short tail, tail badly worn, atypical head, defective rear, incorrect gait, limbs not in perpendicularity, puny dog, aggressive or shy attitude, fearful character, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Akita Dog Kuro 8 Months Over 100lbs (September 2021).